Starting from a low base china in 1977 had a low

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Starting From A Low Base: China in 1977 had a low industrial base, and resolved to pursue the four modernization Industrial Scientific Military Military was last to be addressed, not until 1990s End of Soviet threat, regional instability, and need for better tech Role of PLA leadership in shaping Chinese Foreign Policy Rich Country -> Strong Army Security and Feasibility Two critical issues for PRC for buildup Needs to be powerful enough to deter the US from infringing on its interests in Asia Deter Taiwan from declaring independence Expansion of trade links, commercial interests, and industrial ties - more Chinese nationals living and working overseas Military budget has grown to 106 billion in 2012 Core Missions of PLA 1. Defend the Chinese Communist Party 2. Territorial Defense of country’s borders/forcible re-integration of Taiwan 3. Nuclear Deterrence 4. Beyond Taiwan (Nathan and Scobell, 2013, 294-315) Precipitating Events 1979 War with Vietnam 1991 Gulf War 1996 Taiwan Strait Crisis Growth of US technological advancements in stealth technology and development of special operations forces China’s Military Modernization 1. Streamline Force Structure 2. Professionalizing Personnel 3. Boosting the Budget 4. Upgrading Weapons and Equipment Tensions with the US US Pacific Command sees this modernization warily Sees this buildup as a check on US power Is the PLA really a threat to the US? Defensive or aggressive buildup? US presence in region is source of tension in the relationship US altering wargames scenarios based on expanding Chinese capabilities Naval battle would be the likely conflict between the 2 nations
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A Naval challenge Brown water, green water, blue water navies Malacca dilemma Securing sea lines and access for commercial shipping Building carrier groups June 2, 2016 South China Sea: Why would building marine bases; is it because phillipines growing power? Argue for that. What China’s rise means?
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