While the defendants in these cases currently find

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While the defendants in these cases currently find themselves in very different predicaments, these two cases share one common theme: both feature defendants who were charged with murder and falsely confessed. Thus, each case serves as an excellent lens through which to view the issues surrounding Alford pleas in today’s justice system. Specifically, this Comment will analyze the use of Alford pleas in cases where the only substantial piece of evidence linking the defendant to acrime is a confessionChapter 14 - Lockyer, Attorney General of California v. Andrade1.How does the majority know that the three-strikes law isn't cruel and unusual?SCOTUS held narrowly that it wasn’t cruel and unusual punishment to sentence Leandro Andrade to 50 years for shoplifting $150 worth of videos under California’s “three strikes” law.2.How does the dissent know that it is cruel and unusual? That policy cannot reasonably justify the imposition of a consecutive 25-year minimum for a second minor felony committed soon after the firsttriggering offense. 3.Are their opinions purely subjective, or are they based on some standards? If so,
what are the standards? The opinions are based on the state court decision. Andrade’s sentence implicates factors relevant in both Rummel and Solem. 4.Should the California legislature or the U.S. Supreme Court decide whether punishments are cruel and unusual? Explain your answer. The U.S Supreme Court should decide because they are the ones who protect defendants whenever a constitutional right has been violated. 5.Do you believe 25 years to life is "grossly disproportionate" to Leandro Andrade's crime? How do you know whether it is or isn't? Yes, it is “grossly disproportionate” because the fine does not fit the crime especially if his prior felony was struck out of the second sentencing.

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