1952 eisenhower was a well respected general that

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1952 Eisenhower was a well respected general that runs saying that he was going to stop this whole mess and he does but this is part of this weird time that technically you don’t have wars b/c there are no declarations of wars; this is the Korean Conflict b/c there is no treaty that ends it. VI. Eisenhower a. Different view of the Cold War - He changes the Cold War; he worried just where things were headed and his goal is to make things better - In a way he does and he starts to cut military spending but in other ways the Cold War expands globally in the Middle East, SE Asia… - He reminded the world that the US was well-armed with nuclear weapons and they would use it so they should not be threatened b. Cold War spreads - situation in Iran o a revolution occurred in Iran in 1983 and the old Pres was overthrown and a new government was put into place but the new government leaned towards the Soviets way of doing things and so the US organized a counter revolution and in the end the old government was put back into place - there were several other situations like this b/w communism and capitalism o situation in Egypt o Guatemalan situation o Cuban Revolution - there was a geographic expansion of the Cold War - the relationship b/w the US and USSR gets better when Stalin dies - some peace treaties were scheduled but before they took place, a U2 spy plane was shot down over USSR and the pilot was taken alive; Eisenhower had not choice but to admit to spying - US was taken aback; it was those nasty communists that spy, not the US - Eventually the pilot is released and peace talks never happen
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- Kennedy becomes President and he said that the military had to be really beefed up b/c Eisenhower had not done enough military spending Post War Society and Liberalism I. Second Red Scare Just like there was a Red Scare after WW1, there was another one after WW2 but it lasted a lot longer and way more people were caught up in the worrying Eisenhower set up a program to evaluate the loyalty of all government workers In 1930’s, atomic secrets were transferred from the US to the Soviets and they were killed when the US found out; they contributed to the hysteria McCarthy hearings: o Joseph McCarthy, a senator, takes advantage of the hysteria and joins a review panel that evaluated US loyalty o He turned it into a spectacle to watch b/c he would insult the people being reviewed o He started out targeting intellectuals then Hollywood actors and directors o It was basically a witch hunt o Once higher up people like senators and governors were targeted, the Senate get involved and stops the hearings and McCarthy dies in disgrace 3 years later A lot of the accused lives were ruined b/c no one wanted to hire a communist Red Scare cause a lot of books to be burned During this time there was a great deal of conformity b/c no one wanted to stray from the beaten path and stick out b/c they would be targeted as communists II. Characteristics of postwar liberalism (5) a.
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