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Ndividual e ffect on l eadership experiencetraining

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NDIVIDUAL E FFECT ON L EADERSHIP Experience/training Substitutes for task-oriented leadership Professionalism Substitutes for relationship-oriented & task-oriented leadership Indifference to rewards Neutralizes relationship-oriented and task-oriented leadership C HARACTERISTICS OF J OB E FFECT ON L EADERSHIP Highly structured work Substitutes for task-oriented leadership Provides own feedback Substitutes for task-oriented leadership Intrinsically satisfying Substitutes for relationship-oriented leadership C HARACTERISTICS OF O RG . E FFECT ON L EADERSHIP Explicit formalized goals Substitutes for task-oriented leadership Rigid rules & procedures Substitutes for task-oriented leadership Cohesive work groups Substitutes for relationship-oriented & task-oriented leadership - 6 -
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P ART 4: S HARING THE O RGANIZATIONAL V ISION Qualities of Effective Followers - ineffective followers may be of handicap to org than ineffective leaders Manage themselves well able to think for themselves; work independently & w/o close supervision Committed to a purpose outside themselves committed to a cause/product/team/org in addition to the care of their own lives; most ppl enjoy working w/ colleagues who are emotionally & physically committed to their work Build competence, Focus their efforts for max. impact master skills useful for org & hold higher performance standards than their job/work group requires Courageous, honest, credible independent, critical thinkers whose knowledge & judgment can be trusted; hold high ethical standards, give credit where credit is due, not afraid to own up to mistakes INSPIRATIONAL LEADERSHIP From Transactional to Transformational Leadership Transactional Leaders = leaders who guide / motivate followers in direction of established goals by clarifying role & task requirements - use rewarding & recognizing behaviours - results in performance that meets expectations but not exceed - some may emphasize correction & possibly punishment → results in performance below expectations, discourage innovation & initiative Transformational Leaders = inspire followers to go beyond their own self-interests for the good of the org, and have a profound & extraordinary effect on their followers - pay attention to concerns & developmental needs of followers - change followers’ awareness of issues by helping them look at old problems in new ways - excite, arouse, inspire followers to exert extra effort to achieve group goals Charismatic leadership = …critically examines status quo w/ a view to developing & articulating future strategic goals or vision for the org, and then leading org. members to achieve these goals thru empowering strategies - all charismatic leaders are transformational, BUT NOT all transformational leaders are charismatic - transformational leadership produces levels of employee effort & performance that go beyond what would occur w/ transactional approach Transactional Leader Transformational Leader - 7 -
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P ART 4: S HARING THE O RGANIZATIONAL V ISION Contingent rewards: contract exchange of
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