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Nixon’s chief of staff recognized this- key to devise system that recognizes welfare problem is the blacks without appearing toKevin Phillips (one on Nixon’s top aids) convinced Republicans to work to expand black voting rights in South not as a moral issue but as a strategy to get southern whites to become RepublicanStrategy worked helping to polarize electorate around racial politics & recruit mass of southern whites (partisan realignment)Ronald Regan used racially coded languageRegan opposed Civil Rights Act of 1964 & Voting Rights Act of 1965Pres. Campaign speech sounded like announcing himself as candidate for white segregationistsRegan and Nixon criticized antipoverty programs (ex welfare) by drawing on white’s inaccurate assumptions that most recipients were nonwhite lacking moral uprightness
Dominance of new conservatismOvertly concerned w. preserving moral values and law & orderCovertly gratifying white majority at expense of racial justiceBy opposing racial equality while not admitting to doing so the right staged successful counterrevolution against CRMMany white liberals supporting CRM faced unsettling fact: guaranteeing nonwhites freedom from discrimination and disenfranchisement meant little if those laws were not accompanied by programs attempted to compensate victimized groups for years of sufferingPres. Lyndon Johnson – cant liberate man and say compete & believe its fair- seek not just freedom but opportunity, not just legal equality but human ability, not just equality asa right and a theory but as a fact and a resultWhite liberals feared compensatory programs (ex: affirmative action) would fracture Democratic Party allowing Republicans to gain power“devil’s bargain of white supremacy”liberals mirrored supposed political opposites: by refusing to confront racism head ontelling nonwhites much progress has been made and now time to support broader liberal agenda not focused on racial domination but on general social upliftby accounting problems ravaging nonwhite communities by blaming the failures of nonwhites on themselves instead of examining historical career of racial oppression & systematic forms of discriminationPoliticians could easily turn their backs on race because they learned to bend the weapon of CRM against the movementPoliticians learned to appropriate the language of the Civil Rights Movement while promoting agendas aimed at dismantling the movementprocess called discursive co-optationdiscursive= refers to language, ideas, meaning-makingco-optation signals the strategic act of borrowing, manipulating terms & ideas originally developed by political opponentsright side: politicians took from CRM the notion that racial discrimination used to uphold the white power structure was unjust and distorted it into the concept of “color-blindness”notion that public policies that address social problems created by centuries of racial domination are unjust