Aii allies had to get supplies to soviet union who

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a.ii.Allies had to get supplies to Soviet Union who was suffering greatly under Germany. Winning made getting them the supplies possible.b.European Theater of WWII, 1942-1945b.i.Britain and U.S. decide to invade North Africa. (Want to secure the British colony- Egypt)b.ii.Allies killed and captured 300,000 axis soldiers. b.ii.1.Wanted to open door for shipping and transportation.c.Allie Amphibious assault on Sicily (soft underbelly of Europe) c.i.Allies are trying to elevate pressure on Soviets.c.ii.Fascist dictator Mussolini- deposed immediately and hung.c.ii.1.Italian gov. will surrender to U.S. c.iii.Germany will quickly rush troops to Italy and seize Rome before the allies.c.iv.Encounter in Italy with Germans made this the bloodiest part of WWII for Americans. d.Bombing Missions
d.i.British and American pilots flew bombing missions e..1.Were used to drop bombs on German cities and German parts of France.e..2.85,000 airmen were killed. North American Mustang (P-51) could fly back and forth on one tank of gas- more successful. 1.Allowed bombers to fly deeper into Germany.f.Cross Channel Invasion-Operation Overlord- allies supported this invasion with 12,000 aircraft verses 300 German aircraft (decimated by constant bombing.)g.D-Day Invasion, June 6, 1944Omaha Beach- cliffs made invasion difficult. Tricked German’s to think that we were invading elsewhere. g..1.Radio signalsg..2.Decoy armyOvertook beach rather easily. Propelled ally forces toward GermanyAllie liberated Paris. December 1944- Hitler ordered largest counterattack. g..1.Battle of the Bulge- December 16, 1944- January 31, 1945g..2.Germans were killed and capturedg..3.Germany’s last effortg..4.100,000s of Germans and Nazis died. More bombed were dropped after D-day than all the pre-day bombs combined.
h.April 30- Hitler committed suicidei.May 8, 1945 - Officially ended war in Europe Victory in Europe Day. (VE Day)e.Soviet Union on the Eastern fronte.i.USSR fights Hitler in Easte.ii.Eventually halt the expansion of German territorye.iii.Plea for the opening of a second front Britain decides on front in North Africaf.Africa (1943)f.i.Britain wants to secure its colony in Egypt.f.ii.American forces land in Casablanca, Moroccof.iii.Killed or captured 350,000 Axis soldiersf.iv.Opened the door for Allies’ invasion of Italy (amphibious assault through Sicily)f.v.Stalin isn’t pleased. He wants a front to be opened in France or Belgium.g.Italyg.i.Benito Mussolini is deposed, then hungg.ii.Provisional Italian government surrenders to the Alliesg.iii.Germany responds by seizing Rome before the Americans get thereg.iv.Ends up being the bloodiest arena for Americans in the war h.Western front – France and Belgiumh.i.B-17 bombers drop tons of bombs on German-occupied France and German cities (85,000 airmen die)h.ii.February 1944 – Mustang (P-51) provides adequate fighter support for bombersh.iii.Operation Overlord (May 1944) – combined manpower of 4 million Americans, 14 British divisions, 3 Canadian divisions, 1 Polish, and 1 French divisionsh.iv.Allies had 12,000 aircraft, in comparison to Germany’s 300.

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