To achieve this 567 individuals were interviewed of

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To achieve this, 567 individuals were interviewed, of whom 33.7 percent were female. 30 The sample cut across people from different age groups – ranging from 6 to 72 years old, with an average age of 36 years old: around 59 percent were 35 years old or under; and only 3.7 percent over 65 years old. The results from the survey provide additional illumination to the macro-economic modelling results. People surveyed view the impact of EVD on the Guinean economy and households’ economic activities as negative. Respondents stressed that that the outbreak had a strong negative impact on the labour market. Seven out of ten people believed that the labour market shrank. Many workers reduced their weekly hours of work and some decided to temporarily stay at home to prevent themselves from Ebola contamination. Those seeking new jobs or lacking revenues had left contaminated localities and moved to less risky areas to find new jobs (figure 20). The EVD has slowed down the Guinean economy, as affirmed by eight out of ten respondents (figure 20). A combination of several factors such as the closing of borders, private businesses and enterprises, awareness of the need to avoid 29 Using the results of macro-economic modelling to evaluate the impact of the epidemic on GDP per capita, this report examines the effect on food security and poverty variables. Considering the rate of economic growth in three hypothesis, namely: (i) the economic development of the countries with a no Ebola scenario; (ii) changes under a low Ebola scenario; and (iii) changes with a high Ebola scenario, the impact of the epidemic is calculated by determining the difference between the evolution of food security and poverty indexes in the baseline case and each of the low and high infection cases. 30 Efforts to increase the share of women respondents did not yield maximum results due to the severe impact of the pandemic and the feeling of survey fatigue that has started to emerge in the region selected for the survey. They were adequately represented in the three national studies that were used to complement this survey. Figure 20: Perceptions of changes in the labour market and the overall economy Source: Authors’ estimation. Perception of change in labour market participation Perception of signs showing that people moving to find new jobs Perception of change in the overall economy Same 23% Don’t Know 5% Less 70% More 2% No 30% Yes 70% No 12% Yes 81% A little 7% SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE IN WEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES
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52 contacts with others, and fear of the disease and stigmatization have impeded households’ economic activities. Few business holders that were able to open their businesses have taken advantage of the scarcity of goods by raising prices.
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  • Fall '19
  • West Africa

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