One behavioral and trait theory for leadership explained by Marshall and Broome includes Theory X and Y (2017, p. 13). In one of the articles I found, the X and Y theory suggests that leaders have two different views of the nature of their staff. Theory X leaders view their employees as generally untrustworthy and not inclined to contribute toward organizational success; thus, the leader will be more controlling and rely on extrinsic factors and coercion as motivational tools (Prottas, D. J., 2018). Meanwhile, Theory Y leaders view employees as generally hardworking, able, and honest; thereby, the leader will seek inputs from subordinates,
help facilitate subordinates’ work and rely on intrinsic factors as motivational tools (Prottas, 2018). Another article I reviewed showed the correlation between effective leadership and the presence of workplace violence. “Various leadership styles have been linked to increased levels of bullying, including autocratic, authoritarian, tyrannical, and laissez-faire leadership. By contrast, other leadership styles such as authentic leadership have been found to promote trust and a genuine sense of caring for subordinates, thus lowering the potential for the occurrence of negative relations at work” ( Francioli, L., Conway, P. M., Hansen, Å. M., Holten, A.-L., Grynderup, M. B., Persson, R., Høgh, A., 2018, p. 890). Results of the article showed poor
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- Winter '15