The uterus to stimulate or assist during labor

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the uterus to stimulate or  assist during labor  Uterine rupture,  decreased fetal heart  rate  Prevention of uterine atony  after delivery  Abortifactants  Induce abortion through  intense uterine  contractions  Can also be used to start  labor  Approved to terminate  pregnancy 12-20 weeks from LMP  “Plan B pills” Tocolytics  Ritodrine  Relax the uterine smooth  muscle and prevent  contractions leading to  premature labor and  delivery No longer used because of  serious side effects  DRUGS THAT EFFECT THE MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM  DRUG CLASS/NAME  ACTION SIDE EFFECTS EXTRA BITS  Adrogens  Male sex hormones  Does what  testosterone does.  Prevention of  ovulation to treat  endometriosis in  women. Essential to reproduction and sexual function in males. HRT in hypogonadism and  delayed puberty. Used for inoperable breast  cancer.   Do not give to someone with  prostate cancer (testosterone  sensitive) Anabolic Steroids  Oxandrin  Androl-500  Similar to  testosterone with less  adrogenic effects  Gynecomastia,  testicular atrophy,  baldness, libido  changes, electrolyte  changes, liver  dysfunction, prostate  problems  Promote body tissue/weight  gain Reverse catabolic or tissue  destroying processes  Increase hemoglobin and  RBCS  ED drugs Viagra   Injected: Relaxes the  smooth muscle =  increased blood flow  to corpus cavernosum Oral: Increases  nitrous oxide levels  in corpus  carvernosum  Headache, pain, uti, Do not take with nitrates or  alpha adrenergic blockers  (can cause dangerously low  BP)  DRUGS TO CONTROL BLOOD GLUCOSE  DRUG  NAME  DRUG CLASS MOA  CLINICAL  MANIFESTATION SIDE  EFFECTS  OTHER 
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Insulin  Promotes  storage of the  body’s fuels Stimulates the synthesis of  glycogen from glucose  Facilitates  transport of  various  metabolites  and ions  across the cell membranes  Rebound  hyperglycemia , Hypoglycemia during peak, Tx of type 1  DM and  Type 2 DM  when DM  can’t be  controlled by  other agents  Sulfonylurea Stimulate  insulin release from the beta  cells in the  pancreas Improve  binding to  insulin  receptors  1 st  Gen – associated  with increased risk of  CVD. Highly protein  bound  2 nd  Gen – Does not  interact with many  protein binding drugs. Longer duration of  action  Hypoglycemia Metformin  (Glucophage Biguanides  Increases  binding of  insulin to  receptors  Can effect  renal function Helps with  Polycystic  ovarian  syndrome  Acarbose   (precise)  Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors  Inhibits  absorption of  sugars from  GI tract  Given with  meals  -Zone  Thiazolidinedione Affects  insulin  receptors by  enhancing  insulin  sensitivity of  cells  -LINIDE  Meglitnides  Stimulate  release of  insulin from  pancreas islets
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  • Spring '16
  • Loren Martin
  •  Increase BP

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