2016 p268 269 Because of the relationship between depression and age gender

2016 p268 269 because of the relationship between

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more severe consequences, including major depression and suicide (Roche et al., 2016, p.268-269). Because of the relationship between depression and age, gender, social and economic status and lifestyle, identification and prevention of depression are complex ( Handley et al., 2019, p.172 ). As 21 years old men with family history and low socio- economic status, unhealthy lifestyle and living in a rural area, Jason can be classified as a high-risk group for depression. The Social Determinants That Increase Jason’s Risk of Developing Depression Social determinants of health has been defined as ‘the circumstance in which people born, grow, live and age’ (World Health Organization, 2017). Individual’ health and well-being are also influenced by social determinants ( Liamputtong, 2019, p.11 ). In this
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case, Jason lives by himself in a remote town in the rural area of Queensland. Because of his unemployment, he receives welfare payments from the government to support his daily requirements, including food and rent. The first risk factor which could increase Jason’s risk of developing depression is living in the rural and remote area. Rural and remote areas are lack of psychological services and social connectedness, the economy is also undeveloped. Residents of rural areas are more susceptible to these negative factors and have more psychological pressure which could enhance the likelihood of depression (Galloway, Henry, Hummel, Lohr & Rooney, 2013, p.50). The second risk factor for Jason is living alone. Family is an important source of support for people, people who lack family support easily feel lonely and could increase their vulnerability in tough times ( Markwick, Ansari, Sullivan & Mcneil, 2015, p.182). The mental health of people is determined by social, emotional and spiritual well-being ( Liamputtong, 2019, p.5 ) . The lack of emotional support in the long-term can have a negative impact on Jason's mental health. Unemployment is the third risk factor which could increase Jason’s risk of developing depression. As a 21 years old unemployed man, Jason could receive youth allowance. According to data of the Australian Government Department of Human Services (2019), the maximum payment he could get is just 462 in every two weeks. The financial pressure and the low self-identity from unemployment could reduce people’s level of quality of life and life satisfaction. Therefore, being out of work is a serious threat to mental health and could increase depression risk (Zuelke et al, 2018, p.400-405).
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The Behavioral Determinants That Increase Jason’s Risk of Developing Depression Behavioral determinants of health are commonly defined as the factors which can be eliminated or reduced by changing people’s lifestyle or behavior ( Condell et al ., 2017, p.59). Numerous studies indicated that depression is thought to be related to an unhealthy lifestyle ( Rahe et al., 2015, p.1) . Compared to the general population, the risk of experience depression of people with unhealthy lifestyle behaviors are higher, including lack of sleep, poor nutritional intake, lack of exercise, and alcohol misuse (Stanton et al., 2019, p.905). According to Jason's situation, there are many risk factors in his lifestyle. These unhealthy lifestyles could negatively impact on Jason’s
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