Environmental Regulations L07 Slide 30 Government driven Indirect Environmental

Environmental regulations l07 slide 30 government

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Environmental Regulations
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L07 Slide 30 Government-driven Indirect Environmental Regulations
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L07 Slide 31 Government-driven Indirect Environmental Regulations
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L07 Slide 32 Market-driven Environmental Regulations Emission taxes Tradeable Permits
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L07 Slide 33 Market-driven Environmental Regulations
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L07 Slide 34 Market-driven Emission Taxes Environmental Regulations Assigns $/unit of pollution Advantages Encourages innovation Economically efficient Disadvantages Tax rate difficult to determine Difficult to police Cannot ban substances
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L07 Slide 35 Market-driven Environmental Regulations
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L07 Slide 36 Market-driven Tradeable Permits Environmental Regulations Also known as: Emissions trading / Cap and trade Permits to pollute up to a certain level assigned to each company Permits can be bought, sold and traded Similar to Emissions Tax except it allows government to impose an absolute limit
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L07 Slide 37 Carbon Budget
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L07 Slide 38 Carbon Budget Source: Global Carbon Project
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L07 Slide 39 Carbon Regulations in Canada 1. Tax in BC 2. Alberta’s Plan 3. Ontario’s Plan
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L07 Slide 40 BC Carbon Tax Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions, University of Victoria
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L07 Slide 41 Alberta Carbon Tax The Exchange, CBC, Nov 23, 2015
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L07 Slide 42 Ontario Cap & Trade The National, CBC, 13 April 2015
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L07 Slide 43 Oppositions & Criticisms
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March 1 & 4, 2019 Chapter 4, DfES L07 Part 3: Life Cycle Design
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L07 Slide 45 Product Life Cycle (4.3) DfE is a designer’s tool box to minimize the net environmental impacts of a product during all stages of the product life cycle Stage Previous Lectures In Vezzoli $ Manzini 1 Pre-manufacturing Pre-production 2 Manufacturing Production 3 Packaging & Transportation Distribution 4 Use Use 5 Refurbishment-Recycling-Disposal Disposal
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L07 Slide 46 Product Life Cycle Pre-production (4.3.2) Pre-production Acquisition of resources Mining ore Transportation to production stage Trucking Transformation into raw materials or energy Electrolysis of molten aluminum Sub-stages Examples Creation of energy or semi-finished materials
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L07 Slide 47 Product Life Cycle Production (4.3.3) Production Processing of materials Make body panels Assembly Assembly line Completion Painting Sub-stages Examples Creation of final product
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L07 Slide 48 Product Life Cycle Distribution (4.3.4) Distribution Packaging Foam peanuts, air inflated packaging Transportation Trucks, trains, ship, pipeline Storing Warehouse Sub-stages Examples Move product from production to consumer
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  • Fall '09
  • MURRAYTHOMSON

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