The decision on a verdict may be the most difficult part of the deliberation

The decision on a verdict may be the most difficult

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completely false. The decision on a verdict may be the most difficult part of the deliberation process. Many people have different personalities, and their moral, values and opinions can vary. They see and interpret the facts differently which causes disagreements during deliberation. “three traits- locus of control, belief in a just world, and authoritarianism-have been shown to have a modest effect on how jurors interpret evidence and decide on a verdict” (Costanzo and Krauss, 2018, pg. 217). There are also three scales or questionnaires used to determine the juror’s attitudes towards the case. These scales are: Revised Legal Attitudes Questionnaire (RLAQ) , Juror Bias Scale (JBS) , and the Pretrial Juror Attitude Questionnaire (PJAQ) (Costanzo and
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CHAPTER 9 APPLICATION PAPER 2 Christmas 4 Krauss, 2018). Lastly, “ similarity-leniency hypothesis predicts that jurors who are similar to the defendant will emphasize and identify with the defendant” (Costanzo and Krauss, 2018, pg.220). Pre-Trial Publicity as A Source of Bias Pretrial publicity may be a very common problem in high profile cases. When jurors are active with watching the news or social media when following certain cases, they form opinions of the defendants without knowing all of the facts. This presents a problem when placed in jury selection. The juror impartiality is questioned due to any emotions they have garnered pertaining to the case. “The biasing effect of pretrial publicity is especially strong when news coverage is emotionally arousing (e.g., focusing on the brutal nature of a murder) and when television (as opposed to print media) is the source of the information” (Costanzo and Krauss, 2018, pg. 222).
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