One example of a rights based preparedness tool is UNICEFs guideline for an

One example of a rights based preparedness tool is

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One example of a rights-based preparedness tool is UNICEF’s guideline for an emergency risk- informed situation analysis, presented below. It aims to identify and analyse the immediate and root causes of vulnerabilities to a crisis, the key actors responsible for reducing risks, and the capacity needs for both rights holders and duty bearers to respond. 3.1.2 Rights-based assessment and analysis of humanitarian and transition contexts A rights-based assessment and analysis of the humanitarian and/or transition context is critical to understanding the specific dynamics of a particular context and to identifying strategic entry points for programme response. Undertaking a causality and stakeholder mapping and analysis can help in this effort. Such analysis must identify the problem at hand, the underlying causes, key stakeholders, gaps/obstacles in fulfilling rights, and the potential drivers for change and possible incentives to influence them in order to address gaps (i.e. for de facto authorities, both state and non-state groups). Such an analysis can be carried out in specific programme sectors (for example, education, child protection, water, sanitation and hygiene, health, nutrition), or can be applied more broadly to the general humanitarian or transitional programme contexts. Such analysis should, among other things, attempt to identify opportunities for child participation, especially in early recovery and transition phases. The framework for carrying out this analysis must be flexible enough to capture the diverse range of humanitarian crises and transition contexts, which are multiple and complex. Variables to examine include: The nature of the crisis itself (i.e. armed conflict, natural disaster, mixed scenarios; rapid- versus slow onset emergencies, chronic emergencies) The immediate and underlying causes of the crisis (i.e. political, economic, social, environmental factors) The context in which the crisis unfolds, as shaped by geographic, economic, political, social and cultural factors (i.e. a wealthy stable country with a strong government and developed infrastructure, may face different challenges than an unstable country with a weak government and limited resources) The impact of the crisis on affected population groups and on their ability to realise their rights (i.e. this may differ according to geography (rural versus urban dwellers), ethnicity, culture, socio-economic status, gender, age, disability, among other social markers) The operational and institutional challenges facing humanitarian and transition actors in helping to protect the rights of crisis-affected populations (i.e. overall instability and insecurity; an increase in the range and extent of human rights abuses, including gender- based violence and sexual violence; forced displacement; restricted access to populations; diminished national capacity; an increase in the number of operational actors (including in armed conflict, non-state armed actors); short timeframes for action and a related sense of 13
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  • Summer '16
  • Ramon Wawire
  • Child Rights

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