Before the lecture asks students if they want to

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Before the lecture asks students if they want to share questions they want answers to and tailor the lecture to answer them. Encourage students to ask questions on completion of each theme/subtopic. Students' questions can be answered by the teacher or directed to the students inviting them to answer. Assessing Students’ Learning in a lecture method Students' learning can be assessed by asking students to answer questions orally or fill in a ‘one-minute’ worksheet which asks them to write down the 2-3 most important things they learnt in the lecture. Alternatively, students’ notes on a lecture can be reviewed. A few days later a test could be given to find out what students learnt. Discussion Discussion is a unique form of group interaction where students join together to address a topic or questions regarding something they need to understand, appreciate or decide. They exchange and examine different views, experiences, ideas, opinions, reactions and conclusions with one another during the discussion. There are several benefits of discussion. Students increase their knowledge of the topic; explore a diversity of views which enables them to recognize and investigate their assumptions in the light of different perspectives; develop their communicative competence, listen attentively, speak distinctly and learn the art of democratic discourse. Teachers need to plan a discussion carefully by reviewing the material and choosing a question or a problem on a topic, framing it as interrogative question instead of a statement or a phrase. It is important that students have some knowledge of the topic chosen for discussion. Good ways of ensuring this are; asking students to read on the topic, interview concerned individuals, and engage in observation.
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National Curriculum for Pakistan Culture 2010 — Instructional Strategies 20 Teachers can start by presenting the question orally and in writing it on the board to enable students to read and understand the question. Give students time to think and note down ideas in response to the question. During the discussion, ask probing questions such as “Why do you think?” “Can you elaborate further?” Or draw a conclusion and raise a new but related question. Give students the opportunity to participate and contribute to the discussion. Conclude the discussion by summarizing all the ideas shared and identifying questions for further inquiry or discussion. Summaries should be short but accurate. Assessing Students Learning from a Discussion The knowledge, skills and values developed through discussion can be assessed using different assessment strategies. Use a checklist to record the presence or absence of desired behaviours such as presentation of factual research-based information, seeking clarifications, extending an idea presented, questioning one’s assumptions, listening attentively, communicating clearly and openly and respecting others. Based on data the teacher can give feedback to the students for improvement. If the
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  • Fall '19
  • pakistani culture

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