lights at night when they detect unusual movements in your compound? This can all be achieved through home automation. Home automation has numerous applications Performing different types of tasks take and or consume energy. As much as the energy used may seem negligible, the energy can be saved over time to gain significance. In our homes, some tasks as simple as putting lights on and off, opening and closing doors, switching electric appliances (such as TV’s, fridges, washing machines, dryers and stereo systems) on and off, switching air conditioners and ventilation systems on and off as well as opening and closing gates, require human effort and energy. Traditionally practically everything was done manually and required much human effort and energy. For instance the ancient man required a lot of energy, time and effort just to start a fire which was a source of lighting and warmth. He would also require a lot of energy to cook his food. Moving from one place to another would also require energy. However with the fast growing technology, almost everything is being automated. Nowadays, cooking would just require giving some instructions to a robot and your food would be cooked as good as you want it. Moving from one place to another would require you to just sit at the back seat of a self-driven car sipping your cup of cappuccino and the car would take you wherever you want. Although most automation is taking place, the fast growing technology requires more automation in our homes. Adopting an automatic system whereby you control almost everything in your home just seated in your office is a challenge that ought to be addressed. Similarly, you control your gate even when seated in your living room by just a tap of an icon on your smart phone. This would make your home a ‘smart home’ Home automation is a method of controlling home appliances automatically for the convenience of users. This technology makes life easier for the user, and saves energy by 5
utilizing devices according to strict requirements. Controls can be as basic as dimming lights with a remote or as complex as setting up a network of items in the home that can be programmed using a main controller or even via cell phone from anywhere in the world. A home automation system can involve switching off electrical appliances like air-conditioners or refrigerators when a desired temperature has been reached, then switching on again when the temperature has crossed a certain value. A home automation system can also be used to secure a house from burglars by sending alerts to the nearest police station and the homeowner in case a trespasser is sensed. The first smart homes were ideas, not actual structures. The idea of home automation has been greatly used in science fiction movies. As much as the idea of home automation has been around for quite some time, actual smart homes have only existed for a short while. The history of home automation maybe dated back to 1901-1920 when there was invention of home appliances. Although home appliances cannot be exactly considered smart, they were a brilliant achievement as they brought about some sort of automation in homes. The likes of
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- Spring '16
- PR. LANGAT
- Research, ........., Home automation