1The invention of the cotton gin transformed cotton into Americas most valuable

1the invention of the cotton gin transformed cotton

This preview shows page 11 - 15 out of 20 pages.

1The invention of the cotton gin transformed cotton into America’s most valuable cash crop. 2 Cotton gin led directly to the dramatic nineteenth-century expansion of slavery in the South. 22.King Cotton 1 The invention of the cotton gin in 1793 by Eli Whitney, which made it possible and profitable to harvest shot-staple cotton.
2 Rich new farm land in the Deep South was opened to the cultivation of cotton. 3 The rise of textile manufacturing in England created enormous demand for cotton. 4 Cotton quickly became America’s most valuable cash crop. In 1840, cotton production accounted for more than half of the value of all American exports. 23.Erie Canal Most important and profitable of the canals of the 1820s and 1830s; stretched from Buffalo to Albany, New York, connecting the Great Lakes to the East Coast. Significant consequences: 1 Erie Canal strengthened commercial and political ties between the eastern manufacturing centers and western agricultural regions. 2 It helped transform New York City into America’s greatest commercial center. 3 Canals helped open the west to settlement and trade. 4 Completed in 1825, the Erie Canal sparked a period of canal building that lasted until 1850. 24.Marbury v. Madison
1 As Chief Justice of the Supreme Court from 1801-1835 John Marshall was a proponent of a strong central government and an opponent of state’s rights. He issued a number of landmark decisions that strengthened the power of the federal government, upheld the supremacy of federal law over state legislatures, and promoted business enterprise. 2 Marshall established the principle of Judicial Review in the famous case of Marybury v. Madison. The ruling gave the Supreme Court the authority to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional for the first time. 25.Missouri Compromise Deal proposed by Kentucky senator Henry Clay in 1820 to resolve the slave/free imbalance in Congress. 1 The Missouri Compromise of 1820 settled the first major nineteenth- century conflict over slavery. 2 Maine entered the Union as a free state. 3 Missouri entered the Union as a slave state, thus maintain the balance between free and slave states in the Senate. 4 The Compromise closed the remaining territory of the Louisiana Purchase above the 36 30’ line to slavery. 5 The Missouri Compromise temporarily defused the political crisis over slavery. However, the Missouri Compromise debate foreshadowed the divisive intersectional debates over the expansion of slavery that
resurfaced during the 1840s and 1850s. 26.Monroe Doctrine 1 Monroe presented the American position on Latin America in a speech to Congress delivered in 1823. The Monroe Doctrine was a unilateral declaration of principles that asserted American independence from Europe in foreign policy. 2 The Monroe Doctrine asserted that the political system in the Western Hemisphere is different and separate from that of Europe.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture