62 s grace annapoorani the stools and the tables used

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62 S. Grace Annapoorani
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The stools and the tables used for different performance such as cutting and ironing were found to have a big difference in the heights. This prompted the spe- cialists sitting in an uncomfortable position for entire work days. The stools were not cushioned in the majority of the units, prompting expanded uneasiness with respect to the specialists. The stools did not have a backrest, as a consequence of which the workers did not get enough backing to the back. In the greater part of the units, there was a low-level lighting prompting eye strain. The humidity level increases in the textile units because of continuous ironing which adds to the labourers distress. Musculoskeletal Disorders The most widely recognized work-related health issues in Europe are muscu- loskeletal disorders (MSDs). In the textile sector, workers lifting the heavy goods, holding them, keeping it down, and pulling or pushing the goods were found to be the greatest reason for muscular disorders. Normally, manual handling of goods were found to be one of the gradual reasons behind causing deterioration of the musculoskeletal system, such as lower back pain, neck pain, and shoulder pain. The hazard components for MSDs in the textile sector include the posture of the workers in different stages of textile sector. The MSDs are caused by continuous work, lifting heavy weight, and doing job without appropriate procedures, as quotes Tiwari ( 2012 ). 3.1.5 Psychosocial Problems in the Textiles Industry Anxiety related to work stress has been characterized when the requests of the workplace surpass the labourers capacity to adapt or control them. Work-related anxiety might be an issue in a few territories of the textile industry, being related, for instance, with dreary and quick paced work and where the labourer has no impact on how the job is fi nished. Padmini ( 2012 ). Education is the fundamental right that helps the growth of nation. The education helps the workers to get knowledge about medical rights and legal and social behaviour. The people are uneducated, and most of them do not know OHS at workplace. The company is unaware of OHS and also lacks in training, housekeeping, accident prevention, hospital facility, safety signs etc quotes Malik ( 2010 ). 3.2 Other Common Hazards 3.2.1 Noise Hazards Textile industry is complained to be the highest noise polluting industry. Due to over subjection to high level of noise, there are chances for ear drum damage and Social Sustainability in Textile Industry 63
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hearing loss. Different issues such as weariness, absenteeism, irritation, uneasiness, decrease in effectiveness, changes in pulse rate and blood pressure, and insomnia are also stated because of continuous exposure to noise. Non-maintenance of machine and its parts are one of the reasons behind the 3 noise pollution. Despite the fact that it causes genuine health issues, noise pollution is regularly disregarded by textile units since its belongings are not promptly unmistakable and there is a non-appearance of torment. In industries, noise is a big problem that affects the
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