This means that all cities have a charter that

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doctrine of state laws and regulations (Barnett & Abrams, 2016). This means that all cities have a charter that establishes the manner in which government is structured and it must be within the constitution. The duties and local ordinances are clearly stated in the constitution. Outline the principles of dual federalism and the basis in the Supreme Court’s traditional understanding of interstate commerce Due federalism is the political arrangement that entails the division of power between the federal and state governments in clearly defined terms. In such an arrangement, the state government exercises power as per the constitution without interference from the federal administration. The purpose of this form of power is to provide national security as well as a healthy and efficient economy. According to the Supreme Court’s understanding, free flow of commerce between states need not be impeded and thus there is a requirement to modify a wide range of regulations (Weinrib, 2015). The Civil Rights Act is a provision within the Supreme Court that deal with discrimination practices in public accommodations to eliminate exploitation of businesses. Trace the evolution from dual to cooperative federalism, and identify methods of cooperative federalism As a way of meeting the requirements of the common majority, there was a need to evolve from dual to cooperative federalism. In the U.S., federalism has evolved in various ways. Some of the modifications corresponded to different historical phases that capture distinct balances between state and federal authority (Barnett & Abrams, 2016). The establishment of the
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FEDERALISM AND CIVIL LIBERTIES 3 Bank of the United States was part of the transition from dual to cooperative federalism. The aim
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