In a mixture of styles and details Marchionni created an architectural amalgam

In a mixture of styles and details marchionni created

This preview shows page 74 - 77 out of 280 pages.

centuries. In a mixture of styles and details, Marchionni created an architectural amalgam commensurate with the history of the cathedral itself. While the new sacristy is a distinctive and distinctively sumptuous symbol of Pius’s patronage, this former accountant also pursued a wide range of invigorating programs employing art, architecture, and even hydraulic engineering to glorify his papacy and Rome. New bells and clocks for Saint Peter’s facade, repairs to the Lateran nave ceiling, a new wing for the Santo Spirito hospital, a tapestry workshop at San Michele, and a cotton warehouse in the ruins of the Baths of Diocletian all underscored his progressive “Christian Enlightenment.” Pius’s imperial display is most evident in the triumphal arches erected in his honor, from a temporary one designed by Francesco Milizia to commemorate his election, to a permanent one in Subiaco, his former abbey seat. But the project most redolent of Pius’s attempts to achieve imperial glory was his plan to drain the Pontine Marshes.The inland bogs, just 100 kilometers south of Rome along the Appian 74 the architecture of modern italy
Image of page 74
the challenge of tradition, 1750–1900 1.24 Carlo Marchionni, Sacristy, Saint Peter’s Cathedral, Rome, 1776–84 1.25 Cosimo Morelli, Palazzo Braschi, Rome, 1790–
Image of page 75
Way, troubled both Julius Caesar and Pope Julius II, who had put their best men to devising ways to reclaim the 800 square kilometers of swamp. Pius VI, with modern science at his command, had a drainage canal dug and a highway, the Linea Pio, laid.Terracina, the dreary medieval town overlooking the area, was revamped with a papal residence and public buildings for trade and commerce. Even a museum was planned to display the artifacts dredged up below. Pius IV combined the agricultural and the antiquarian in a complete program of economic and spiritual recovery of a long fallow land. But it would be myopic to call the Pontine Marsh reclamation a clamoring success for the region. Pius’s own nephew turned out to be the primary economic beneficiary. Nepotism was still a papal prerogative and Pius, who had no brothers with sons of the Braschi name, encouraged his sister’s offspring to hyphenate theirs. Luigi Braschi-Onesti was made a duke, married to a Roman noblewoman and set up for display in the papal limelight.A palace was built, the Palazzo Braschi.Architects of the capital rushed to offer their services even before the site was purchased in 1790. Cosimo Morelli, official architect of the papal legations, designed the palazzo to fill the boundaries of the roughly triangular site to maximum volume with no particular attention to Piazza Navona behind it. Like Marchionni and probably under similar directives, Morelli undertook a historicist amalgam of all that made the Roman Renaissance palazzo great, then rather perfunctorily he knocked everything up a notch.The effect of its extra tall floors and obvious details is an aesthetic equivalent of the duke’s fabricated stature in Roman society. Despite the shortcomings
Image of page 76
Image of page 77

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 280 pages?

  • Spring '17
  • Archt. De Veyra

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors