Differentiate postmodern theories, learning based theories, and decision-making theories.
Apply theories discussed in the chapter to various population groups.
Use at least two theories to explain career-related behavior of a variety of individuals.
Genetic endowment Happenstance
Learning experiences Career Uncertainty
Task approach skills Self-obseved generalizations
Career Beliefs Inventory Actions
SCCT Status Attainment Theory
Outcome expectations Dual Labor Market Theory
Select three or four mature adults that you know well and who work in a variety of
occupations, develop a career history for each and match each one against several of the
major theories. If possible, select adults from different cultural backgrounds.
What role has chance occurrences played in each person’s life. Have each student identify
an unexpected occurrence that changed their lives
Class Discussion Questions
The theories in this chapter present three very different points of view. Which ones seem to
be most useful to practitioners?
Which theories seem to be most useful with minorities? Why?
Can any of the theories be combined, at least from a practice point of view?
Which of the theories is hardest to comprehend? Why?
Socioeconomic theory is not generally considered a guide to practice. Are there any
practical implications of these theories?
Examination Questions for Chapter 5
Career counseling often involves an assessment component. If the three theories
discussed under the general rubric of learning theory, SCCT emphasizes the use of self-
ratings of abilities as an assessment strategy.