2 be able to critique theories of career choice and

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2. Be able to critique theories of career choice and development using the criteria outlined in the Chapter 2
3. Differentiate postmodern theories, learning based theories, and decision-making theories. 4. Apply theories discussed in the chapter to various population groups. 5. Use at least two theories to explain career-related behavior of a variety of individuals. Key Terms/Concepts Genetic endowment Happenstance Learning experiences Career Uncertainty Task approach skills Self-obseved generalizations Career Beliefs Inventory Actions SCCT Status Attainment Theory CIP Valence Metacognitions Self-efficacy Outcome expectations Dual Labor Market Theory Suggested Exercises/Activities 1. Select three or four mature adults that you know well and who work in a variety of occupations, develop a career history for each and match each one against several of the major theories. If possible, select adults from different cultural backgrounds. 2. What role has chance occurrences played in each person’s life. Have each student identify an unexpected occurrence that changed their lives Class Discussion Questions 1. The theories in this chapter present three very different points of view. Which ones seem to be most useful to practitioners? 2. Which theories seem to be most useful with minorities? Why? 3. Can any of the theories be combined, at least from a practice point of view? 4. Which of the theories is hardest to comprehend? Why? 5. Socioeconomic theory is not generally considered a guide to practice. Are there any practical implications of these theories? Examination Questions for Chapter 5 True/False 1. Career counseling often involves an assessment component. If the three theories discussed under the general rubric of learning theory, SCCT emphasizes the use of self- ratings of abilities as an assessment strategy.
2. The information processing component of the CIP model supposes that the brain functions much like a computer. 3. Krumboltz retained the original decision making model in his “Happenstance” revision. 4. In Social Cognitive Career theory, interests are a direct outcome of self-efficacy expectations and appraisals. 5. SCCT and Krumboltz’s theory are compatible because of their roots in social learning theory. 6. The primary emphasis in both SCCT and Krumboltz’s theory is the emphasis on self- efficacy. 7. Of the three learning theories discussed in Chapter 5 SCCT seems to be having the greatest impact on practice according to the author. 8. In one portion of the workplace, at least according to dual economy theory, some workers are treated as disposable. 9. If your client has poorly developed interests they can be strengthened through the use of several methods, the most powerful of which is called performance enactments according to SCCT.

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