SOCCIO ARCHETYPES OF WISDOM, 8e INSTRUCTOR’S MANUAL 14. Descartes argued that the idea of God is acquired from experience. 15. Descartes constructed an ontological argument aimed at supporting the possibility of the existence of an evil genius. MULTIPLE CHOICE 16. Descartes made a radical proposal: _____ . a. Pretend we are dead and see if we still believe in God b. Assume that all of our beliefs are true and live accordingly c. Assume that all of our beliefs are false and see what happens d. Throw out everything we know, and build a system of knowledge based on careful application of a rational method 17. According to Descartes, _____ are truths that are not derived from observation or experiment. a. innate ideas b. implicit ideas c. a posteriori ideas d. common sense principles 18. The _____ theory of truth is the truth test in which new or unclear ideas are evaluated in terms of rational consistency and in relation to already established truths. a. universal b. correspondence c. coherence d. harmonious 254
SOCCIO ARCHETYPES OF WISDOM, 8e INSTRUCTOR’S MANUAL 19. Descartes held that true ideas are _____ and _____ . a. universal/common b. clear/universal c. innate/empirical d. clear/distinct 20. Descartes thought that _____ is essential for finding the truth. a. science b. luck c. method d. community 21. Descartes attacked earlier philosophy on the grounds that it _____ . a. did not demand rational comprehension from the individual intellect b. placed too much emphasis on reason and not enough on experience c. failed to distinguish a priori from innate ideas d. emphasized the individual intellect so much that it lost sight of the need for authoritarian thinking 22. In order to reach his target audience, Descartes wrote in _____ . a. Latin, the “universal language of scholars” b. everyday French c. scholastic French d. Pig Latin 23. The work of _____ anticipated Descartes’s Meditations by five hundred years. a. Aristotle b. Thomas Aquinas c. Abu Hamid Muhammad al-Ghazali d. Martin Luther 255
SOCCIO ARCHETYPES OF WISDOM, 8e INSTRUCTOR’S MANUAL 24. _____ is the name of the Cartesian strategy of deliberately doubting everything it is possible to doubt in the least degree and accepting as true only what can be known with absolute certainty. a. Cartesian Genesis b. Skeptical Inquiry c. Methodic Doubt d. Suspension of Belief 25. Descartes’s standard of truth rests on _____ . a. transcending reason and relying on faith b. his insistence that all ideas recognized clearly and distinctly are true c. a combination of empirical evidence and divine revelation d. the validation of a posteriori truths 26. “All triangles have 180 degrees” is an example of _____ knowledge. a. a priori b. a posteriori c. empirical d. methodic 27. “My shirt is white” is an example of _____ knowledge. a. a priori b. a posteriori c. empirical d. methodic 28. Descartes begins his Meditations by seeing if it is possible to _____ . a. know everything b. believe anything c. doubt everything d. doubt anything 256
SOCCIO ARCHETYPES OF WISDOM, 8e INSTRUCTOR’S MANUAL 29. In the
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