Established the border with canada at the 49th

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established the border with Canada at the 49th Parallel o The 1819 Florida Treaty aka the Adams Onis Treaty set out a boundary between the United States and New Spain (now Mexico) o The Oregon Treaty was signed in 1846 (it ended 28 years of joint British/US occupancy of Oregon) o The 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo saw the Mexican cession of lands o 1853 saw the Gadsden Purchase acquiring territory in Arizona and New Mexico Civil War Four main causes o South didn't want to pay taxes o South felt North was treated more fairly o Slavery made money for the Southerners, and North disagreed with that way of making money o Nationalism in the North and sectionalism is the South Underground Railroad The Underground Railroad was a secret network organized by people who helped men, women, and children escape from slavery to freedom. It operated before the Civil War ended slavery in the United States. The Underground Railroad provided hiding places, food, and often transportation for the fugitives who were trying to escape slavery. Dred Scott decision Dred Scott sued for freedom after living in free state and his owner dying, the US Supreme Court ruled him as a possession and being that he had no rights to sue. The Dred Scott case was a major event on the road to the Civil War, as Court's decision enraged many who desired to limit slavery’s expansion in the Western territories. Secession Secession was the withdrawal from the United States of eleven southern states in 1860 and 1861. The seceding states formed a government, the Confederacy, in early 1861. The secession of Southern States led to the establishment of the Confederacy and ultimately the Civil War. Northern goal Both the North and the South has goals for the war which weren’t identical. The North wanted to conquer the South, bringing it back into the Union as well as to end slavery. Lincoln's position on slavery Lincoln was "antislavery", against slavery's expansion, but not calling for immediate emancipation (meaning not doing anything against slavery where it already existed). But eventually he issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed all slaves in those states that were in rebellion. Lincoln felt that main goal was to keep country together, and ending the slavery was always a secondary goal. 5
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