____ 23. Maslow referred to the needs for purpose and meaning that lie beyond theself as a. belongingness needs. b.self-esteem needs. c. self-transcendence needs. d. self-actualization needs. e.homeostasis needs. ____ 24. Home-life satisfaction is more strongly predictive of well-being in wealthy nations than in poor ones. This fact would be most clearly anticipated by a. arousal theory. b. hierarchy of needs theory. c. instinct theory. d. evolutionary theory. e. incentive theory. ____ 25. Alyssa's home was broken into and many items were taken. After the break-in, Alyssa was afraid to
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be at home alone and so installed a new alarm system. Abraham Maslow would suggest that Alyssa is trying to satisfy her a. physiological needs. b. safety needs. c. belongingnessneeds. d. esteem needs. e. self-actualization needs. ____ 26. Ancel Keys and his colleagues observed that men on a semistarvation diet interested in food but avoided talking or thinking about it. interest in sex and social activities. preoccupied with political and religious issues. focus away from food toward more accessible goals. ____ 27. Increases in the hormone insulin lead to decreasing blood glucose levels. increasing homeostasis levels. ____ 28. When a rat's blood sugar level decreases, the ________ hypothalamus releases the hunger-triggering hormone ________. lateral; orexin medial; obestatin ventromedial; orexin ____ 29. When people with severe obesity undergo bypass surgery that seals off part of the stomach, the remaining stomach then produces much less a. PYY. b. orexin. c. ghrelin. d. insulin. e. glucose. ____ 30. The specific body weight maintained automatically by most adults over long periods of time is known as the a. set
point. b. refractory period. c. hypothalamic plateau. d. basal metabolic rate. e. homeostatic weight. ____ 31. Basal metabolic rate is the body's resting rate of a. drive reduction. b. insulin secretion. c. energy expenditure. d. homeostasis. e. motivation. ____ 32. Which of the following is the best example of set point? baked bread compelled Sydnee to head for the kitchen. Lillie could think only about her next meal. Shelby found that he began to put the weight back on. natural nurturer and loving mother to her 2-year-old twins. ____ 33. People's preferences for sweet tastes are ________, and their preferences for excessively salty tastes are ________. a. needs; incentives b. incentives; needs c. universal; learned d. learned; universal e. instinctual; conditioned ____ 34. Campa Indians in Peru consider roasted ants a delicious delicacy, but this is not the casefor most North Americans. This best illustrates a.
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