10 as indicated in figure 1 the containment of evd is

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • 116

This preview shows page 28 - 30 out of 116 pages.

10 As indicated in figure 1, the containment of EVD is yet to be achieved. However, efforts of the different governments and the international community, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and local communities have started yielding results by helping to reduce the fatality rate, which decreased from around 70 percent in May 2014 to 54.7 percent in August, and to 39.1 percent in December 2014. Figure 1 also shows the cumulative and the dynamics of the fatality rate for the three countries. Guinea registered the highest mortality rates, almost stabilizing between August and December 2014; from 66.9 percent in August, it declined by only 4 percentage points to 62.9 percent in December. By contrast, efforts seem to be more effective in the other Figure 3: The Patients Database – Confirmed weekly EVD cases reported nationally, 24 February 2014 to 1 February 2015 Figure 4: New cases over the past 21 days, as of 11 February 2015 Source: Authors’ compilation from WHO data. Source: UNDP-RBA (2015b). Sierra Leone Guinea Liberia 221 134 12 Guinea Liberia Sierra Leone 0 150 300 450 600 1/26-2/1 1/19-1/25 1/12-1/18 1/5-1/11 12/29-1/4 12/22-12/28 12/15-12/21 12/8-12/14 12/1-12/7 11/24-11/30 11/17-11/23 11/10-11/16 11/3-11/9 10/27-11/2 10/20-10/26 10/13-10/19 10/6-10/12 9/29-10/5 9/22-9/28 9/15-9/21 9/8-9/14 9/1-9/7 8/25-8/31 8/18-8/24 8/11-8/17 8/4-8/10 7/28-8/3 7/21-7/27 7/14-7/20 7/7-7/13 6/30-7/6 6/23-6/29 6/16-6/22 6/9-6/15 6/2-6/8 5/26 -6/1 5/19 -5/25 5/12-5/18 5/5-5/11 4/28-5/4 4/21-4/27 4/14-4/20 4/7-4/13 3/31-4/6 3/24-3/30 3/17-3/23 3/10-3/16 3/3-3/9 SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE IN WEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES
Image of page 28
11 Guinea Liberia Sierra Leone Fatality rate Deaths Cases of infection 166 88 53.01 371 179 48.25 293 221 75.42 two countries; the mortality rate decreased from 57.67 to 42.79 percent in Sierra Leone. Figure 5 provides the actual cases and fatality rates in each of the three epicentre countries. Guinea has the highest fatality rate in spite of having the lowest number of infection cases, which suggests a very weak treatment capacity compared to that Liberia and Sierra Leone. One of the complexities created by EVD in West Africa is the high level of infection and deaths among healthcare workers, particularly those working with Ebola patients. The level of infection ranges from 166 health workers in Guinea to 371 in Liberia. Sierra Leone, however, presents the highest level of fatality among health workers (figure 6). This current EVD, therefore, has the highest infection cases and deaths among health professionals, which has further depleted inadequate trained health personnel in these epicentre countries. The high incidence on health workers has led people to believe that the health centres are the main source of infection. This accounted for the low patronage of health services for both Ebola and non-Ebola-related illnesses. Figure 5: Ebola virus disease: Number of cases, deaths and fatality rates, as of 7 January 2015 Source: UNDP-RBA (2015b).
Image of page 29
Image of page 30

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 116 pages?

  • Fall '19
  • West Africa

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors