IEC_Elctrical Energy Storage.pdf

S e c t i o n 5 conclusions and recommendations in

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S E C T I O N 5 Conclusions and recommendations in acquiring and operating it, and for this regulations including financial incentives will frequently be needed. The regulatory regime may also need to differentiate between private consumer-owned storage and storage directly connected to the regulated grid. Recommendation 5.5.5 – Public policy for and investment in storage research Several areas are described in the IEC’s study where concentrated research and development are needed. The IEC recommends governments and public authorities with a role in research to adjust their research policies and investments to the desired targets for storage development. Recommendation 5.5.6 – Potential barriers to the introduction of microgrids Some existing regulatory regimes hinder the introduction or operation of microgrids or their storage components. The IEC recommends these to be revised, since microgrids will be essential to future electricity distribution and should be encouraged. Recommendation 5.5.7 – Regulations for the safety of new storage technologies The IEC expects to keep pace, as in other areas in the past, with the need for international consensus standards for the safety of new storage technologies. It recommends regulators to anticipate the requirement to guarantee this safety, and to contribute to shaping suitable International Standards upon which harmonized regulations may be based. Recommendation 5.5.8 – Environmental regulations for new storage technologies New storage technologies may present new challenges in protecting the natural and human environment, challenges involving the materials, conditions and land use required to implement them. The IEC recommends regulators to help ensure that standards are in place to allow an internationally agreed technical basis for any new regulations, so that unnecessary differences among countries and regions may be avoided. 5.6 Recommendations addressed to research institutions and companies carrying out R&D Recommendation 5.6.1 – R&D targeted to low-cost materials and manufacturing The IEC recommends targeting research and development to EES technologies with a potential for low raw-material cost and low-cost mass production techniques. Recommendation 5.6.2 – Research on renewables’ interactions with storage Since the specifications and volume of the storage needed are largely influenced by renewable energies, the IEC recommends further study of the influence of renewable energies on the power system and the functions that storage should fulfil in consequence. Recommendation 5.6.3 – R&D on hydrogen and synthetic natural gas used for EES Storage and use of hydrogen, and generation and use of synthetic natural gas for storing electricity, are relatively new technologies; improvements particularly in reliability and cost are needed. In addition, in order to use existing gas supply and distribution networks, technical and procurement issues will arise in
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81 infrastructure, system operation and safety. The
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