A The resident squire had significant authority B Church members were selected

A the resident squire had significant authority b

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(A) The resident squire had significant authority. (B) Church members were selected on the basis of their social status within the community. (C) Low population density restricted agricultural and economic growth. (D) There was little diversity in local institutions from one region to another. (E) National events had little impact on local customs and administrative organization. 题目释义: 细节题目 考点: 支持主题( Supporting ideas 旨在考察我们对文章细节的认知 这个题目应该定位在第二段,因为只有那一段讲述了 New England England 的条件的不同 点。也就肯定会有 17 世纪英格兰的乡村是什么样子的。 选项分析: (A) Correct 。乡绅居民有很大的权力。 这个题目想要做对必须理解“ paternalistic ”这个 词的意思。家长式的特权当然就是有很大的权力,所以这个选项是正确的。 (B) 教会人员是以他们在社区中的社会地位而选举出来的。 这个选项定位在这里“ Third, England had an all-embracing state church; in New England membership in a church was restricted to the elect. ”。由这句原文我们发现这个选项说的是 New England 的情况。 (C) 低人口密度限制了农业和经济的增长。 文中提到英格兰人口密度比较低,但是没有说过 会限制什么。 (D) 当地的制度从一个地区到另一个地区没有很大的变化。 选项在文中没有被直接提到过。 (E) 国家的事件对于当地的习俗和行政组织没有什么影响。 文中一直在强调国情对于当地历 史和制度的影响。这个选项说反了。如果没有影响,那么作者的第二段一整段都在做无 用功。 Question 18 The passage suggests that Professor Clive Holmes would most likely agree with which of the following statements?
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ChaseDream GMATPrep 2007 阅读笔记 Practice Test #1 26 (A)An understanding of seventeenth-century English local institutions requires a consideration of national issues. (B)The "country community" school of seventeenth-century English history distorts historical evidence in order to establish continuity between old and new institutions. (C)Most historians distort reality by focusing on national concerns to the exclusion of local concerns. (D)National issues are best understood from the perspective of those at the local level. (E)Local histories of seventeenth-century English villages have contributed little to the understanding of village life. 题目释义: 细节题目 考点: 支持主题( Supporting ideas 旨在考察我们对文章细节的认知 这个题目定位比较容易,关键词很明确“ Professor Clive Holmes ”的那句话。所以对句子 Allen's work is a rather extreme example of the "country community" school of seventeenth-century English history whose intemperate excesses in removing all national issues from the history of that period have been exposed by Professor Clive Holmes. ”的理解就显的至关重要了。 这句话的意思是: Allen 的作品是属于“ country community ”这个学派的极端的例子, Professor Clive Holmes 已经曝光了这个学派的过激之处在于其所有判断都排除了当时的 国情。 选项分析: (A) Correct 。理解 17 世纪英国的当地的制度需要考虑国情。 这句话就是把考点提到的那句 话意译了一下。 (B) "country community" 学派歪曲了历史的证据就是为了建立新老制度的连续性。 Professor Clive Holmes 没有提到过这个学派的目的,只是说曝光了这个学派的这个 特点。 (C) 注重国家所关切的事情而排除地方所关切的事情让很多历史学家歪曲了真相。 Clive Holmes ”的观点是考虑是否可以直接模仿的问题时(历史角度),一定要综合考量当时 当地的国情。和关注国家还是地方无关。 (D) 国情最好的了解方法是从地方了解。 应该是在了解国情的基础上了解地方的制度并综合 历史考虑。 (E) 17 世纪英国当地的乡村历史对让我们了解乡村生活帮助甚少。 这个是无关选项。
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