c. If the particles in the simulation have a positive charge, then the direction of the magnetic field is out ofthe page. This can be confirmed by viewing the previous magnetic field simulation. In this simulation,
Brandon McDonaldPHYS 222the magnetic field is pointing into the page and the positive charge particles follow a counter-clockwise path. In order for the positively charged particle to follow a clockwise path, then the magnetic field must be pointing out from the page.B. Task #2-C:Task #1-C:Electric Field Force (Down): q*E, where E=ΔV R= m*v Task #2-B:Magnetic Field Force (Up): q*v*B q*B(sinΘ)Solve for v:v=E/BExpression for Task #4-B:R=m*Eq*B1*B2C. Constants for mass spectrometer:E, B1, B2Proportion:RCarbon/mCarbon=RUnknown/mUnknownConstant Charge:q22.4/(12.0)=26.2(mUnknown)mUnknown=14.03 uThe unknown element has an atomic mass of 14.03 u.This element is Nitrogen!Implications:The knowledge of understanding magnetic and electric fields is an incredibly valuable tool in the disciplines of physics, chemistry, and other scientific backgrounds. As mentioned in the lab, these fundamental aspects of physics are incorporated in the usage of mass spectrometers. These devices are capable of determining a particle’s atomic mass using the particle’s path radius when entering the mass separator. By understanding how to use mass spectrometry, scientists are capable of discovering the chemical composition of different materials, which is incredibly useful to verify the synthesis of compounds in a laboratory setting.