Carl rogers developed this theory in contrast to the

This preview shows page 9 - 10 out of 28 pages.

Carl Rogers developed this theory in contrast to the neutral, analytical approach practiced by colleagues. Congruence, unconditional positive regard, and empathetic understanding are key elements to this theory (Kottler & Montgomery, 2019). People develop problems because they are not understood (Kottler & Montgomery, 2019). Theory of Change How can therapy help a person overcome problems? What must a person do to improve his or her functioning? Rogers developed this theory to encourage client self-acceptance and to create an environment where clients can be genuine and express themselves without fear or embarrassment (Kottler & Montgomery, 2019). Change and improvement occurs when people are heard and understood (Kottler & Montgomery, 2019). Interventions What techniques does the counselor use to help bring about change? “Full and complete presence”: The therapist gives their full attention to their client. “Openness and unconditional regard”: accepting a client as a person unconditionally and separating a client from potentially harmful actions (Kottler & Montgomery, 2019). “Authenticity, genuineness, transparency, and warmth”: synonyms for how you should treat your client interactions. “Immediacy”: bringing focus to a behavior that occurs during a session (Kottler & Montgomery, 2019). “Empathy and active listening”: an intervention that is used in many other theories. Involves listening and responding while also restating feelings and emotions (Kottler & Montgomery, 2019). “Focus on affect and feelings”: an exploration of deeper feelings (Kottler & Montgomery, 2019) Who Is in Charge? What Is the Role of the Client and the Counselor? What is the counselor responsible for in sessions? What is the client expected to do? Who takes the leading role in the interaction? The therapist develops a “third ear” and listens and responds to clients with understanding and compassion. The therapist needs to give “full and complete attention” to their clients (Kottler & Montgomery, 2019 p. 134). The therapist must accept the client without judgment this is called unconditional positive regard. The client must accept the therapist’s unconditional acceptance and empathy (Good Therapy, 2018). Web Resources Who uses this theory? How do they present themselves to the wider community? Where are resources for learning more? Center for the Studies of the Person, or CSP, distinguishes themselves as a “face to face community” of individuals who believe that Person-Centered Therapy is important to both their personal and professional lives. Their goal is to maintain a community where members can be heard, be authentic, and affirm everyone as they are (CSP, 2020). Scholarly Articles, Books, and Resources on the Theory What are some good references that I may want to refer to in the future? Raskin, Nathaniel J., Rogers, Carl R., and Witty, Marjorie C. (2008). Client-Centered Therapy. In Raymond J. Corsini and Danny Wedding (Eds.), Current Psychotherapies (pp.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture