Table 14 suggested impact reduction targets in the

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Table 14 Suggested impact-reduction targets in the LCA impact categories of the study described in Sect. 2 , based on the maximum acceptable environmental impact for clothing consumption in Sweden, USA and China for year 2050 according to the planetary boundaries framework, reworked from Roos et al. ( 2016 ) Impact categories Impact-reduction target per garment use for 2050 Climate change 100 % compared to current level, i.e. climate neutral Freshwater eutrophication Sweden: 82 86 % compared to current level USA: 86 89 % compared to current level China: 67 74 % compared to current level Freshwater consumption Blue water withdrawal as % of mean monthly river fl ow: for low- fl ow months: 25 %; for intermediate- fl ow months: 30 %; for high- fl ow months: 55 % Non-renewable energy use 100 % compared to current level 30 S. Roos et al.
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3.3.2 Targets for Social Sustainability To set social sustainability targets for the clothing sector, we used a set of 11 social targets based on an analysis of governmental submissions to the United Nations Rio +20 Conference in 2012 (Leach et al. 2013 ), just as was done by Raworth in 2013 (Raworth 2013 ). After that work of Raworth, in which she also identi fi ed the share of the population that experienced deprivations in terms of selected indicators for each of the indicator fi elds of the social foundation, further discussions have led to the agreement of the SDGs. Table 15 contains a list of the 11 social targets and when there is a match, the connected SDG. Note that if the SDGs are explored in another context, there will be targets that connect to other social sustainability targets. As for the environmental aspects, we want to fi nd a way to relate these sus- tainability targets to the social impacts that can be assessed in an SLCA. Table 15 also shows how the indicators used for social hotspot identi fi cation of clothing consumption in Sweden, China and USA in Sect. 2.2 connect to the social sus- tainability targets and the SDGs. For several reasons, it is more dif fi cult and perhaps less relevant to use a strictly quantitative approach in this case. The most important reason in this case is that the social hotspot identi fi cation will only reveal hotspots where considerable risks of deprivations will be found in the value chain. Therefore, we settled in our study for a qualitative discussion on how different interventions can ease or exacerbate such deprivations. However, setting quantitative social sustainability targets can be possible. In Raworth ( 2013 ), indicators are suggested for most of the 11 social sustainability targets listed in Table 15 , and each of the SDGs has a list of more speci fi c targets to be achieved. Taking adequate income as an example, Raworth ( 2013 ) identi fi es the share of the population living below $1.25 (purchasing power parity) per day to be 21 % in 2005 and this is clearly a measure of the extent of deprivations and implying that the target should be that no person is living under this limit.
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  • Fall '19
  • Sustainable fashion, Sandra Roos

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