B union shop c closed shop d open shop 218the

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B. union shop. C. closed shop. D. open shop. 218.The Overnight Construction Company has just signed a collective bargaining contract in which it agrees that all workers it hires must be union members in good standing at the time they are hired. This provision reflects: A. preferential hiring. B. a maintenance-of-membership shop. C. a union shop. D. a closed shop. 219.State right-to-work laws: A. have been enacted by over one-half of the states in the nation. B. make yellow dog contracts illegal. C. allow for union shops while prohibiting closed shops. D. make union and agency shops illegal. 220.Twenty-two states currently (2007) have: A. prohibitions against unionization by state employees. B. compulsory union membership in the public sector. C. laws outlawing lockouts in labor disputes. D. right-to-work laws. 221.Under an agency shop agreement, firms can hire: A. only union workers. B. nonunion workers, but these workers must join the union within a specified period, say, 30 days. C . nonunion workers, but these workers must join the union within a specified period, pay union dues, or donate an equivalent amount to charity. D. only nonunion workers. 222.Suppose Steve Stone takes a job with Zemo Manufacturing, whose labor contract with its unions has an agency shop clause (30 days). Steve: A. must join the union within 30 days. B. can decide against joining the union and place the union dues in a retirement account. C. can decide against joining the union but then will not receive any union-negotiated wage increases. D . can decide against joining the union but nevertheless will have to pay union dues or donate an equivalent amount to an approved charity. 223.Unions prefer: A. open shops to agency shops. B. agency shops to closed shops. C. agency shops to union shops. D. union shops to agency shops.
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224.Which of the following is least likely to be found in a collective bargaining agreement (work agreement)? A. a union status clause B. a clause specifying where new plants, if any, will be located C. seniority rules that affect promotions and layoffs D. grievance procedures 225.In a labor dispute in which the existing contract has expired, a: A. firm can legally lock up unruly workers. B. firm can legally lock out union workers. C. union can legally restrict customer access to the firm. D. union can legally restrict physical access by management to the firm. 226.Which of the following bargaining tactics is illegal? A. a lockout B. a strike C. refusal to meet with union representatives D. hiring strikebreakers 227.Private-sector strikes and lockouts typically end because: A. the Federal government intervenes with a "back-to-work" order. B. the parties eventually tire of bickering.
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B union shop C closed shop D open shop 218The Overnight...

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