Cthe culture did not so much feel uncomfortable with

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c.The culture did not so much feel uncomfortable with women and men being educated in the same facilities as it believed it was a silly waste of time to do so. Men may benefit from training in mathematics, the logic went, but women had no need for it. d. Many people, typically female activists, but also some forward-thinking political men, believed that educating women would benefit the larger society, especially since women were in charge of raising children. e.Secondary education for women was frowned upon in many states, but it was not illegal. Question 7 a. Correct answer. A teacher and author, Dorothea Dix was concerned that the mentally ill were housed in prisons with criminals in deplorable conditions. She spent eight years compiling a report about the treatment of the mentally ill in prisons and presented it to the Massachusetts legislature, which resulted in not only improved conditions, but a new understanding and compassion about mental illness. b. Temperance—the abolition of drinking alcohol—was a major nineteenth century reform effort spearheaded by women in large measure, since they were often the victims of spouse’s drinking, but this was not Dix’s claim to fame. c. Abolishing slavery, like so many nineteenth-century reforms, evolved from the Second Great Awakening, and had many female adherents and leaders. However, this was not Dix’s movement. d. Educational reform was a huge reform effort in the nineteenth century and many women, such as Emma Willard, were involved in efforts to begin schools for women. However, this was not Dix’s cause. e. Efforts to change labor policies and laws, such as shorter work days and safer conditions, were a vital part of nineteenth century reform, but this was not Dix’s major cause. Question 8 a.Temperance reformers argued that alcohol consumption turned otherwise moral, upstanding women into corrupt temptresses who could negatively influence the direction of a young man’s life. b. Excessive alcohol consumption was blamed for threatening the stability of family life and the safety of wives and children. c. Correct answer. Women’s church attendance increased during the nineteenth century as a result of the Second Great Awakening. While there was a drop-off in men’s attendance, alcohol was not singled out as the cause.
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Chapter 15 d. Many nativists blamed immigrants’ disrupting American society with their excessive alcohol consumption. Many immigrant groups linked drinking with celebratory events, such as weddings, as well as other social and cultural customs that were unfamiliar to native-born Americans. e. Temperance advocates noted that excessive drinking made labor less productive and efficient and less competent to run equipment, which in turn led to higher rates of workplace accidents. Question 9 a. While the women assembled at Seneca Falls did include the right to vote on their list of demands, it was pretty far down on that initial list (later it would become their single most important focus), and not the main significance or reason for the convention.
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