Incarcerate a lot of people most of the people

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incarcerate a lot of people Most of the people incarcerated are not violent offenders States that incarcerate large numbers of people don’t necessarily have lower violent crime rates o Another reason – lead levels have declined n last 40 years Lead damages cognition but also a neurotoxin that can increase aggression Lecture 22 – Psychology of Eating and Drinking Psychology in the News
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One study said imaginary eating to reduce food intake involves the effect of habituation o Habituation – doing something often makes it less interesting If you can pretend to eat something beforehand, it will leave you in a state where food is not as interesting If you imagine eating a burger a couple of times, it would make you think about the burger and how nice it is o It might make you actually eat more of the hamburger – primes you to eat more Eating and Bodies Dan Jurafsky did analysis of Yelp reviews of different restaurants o Bad restaurants w/ bad reviews have similar comments – slow service, cold food o Really good reviews split into 1 of 2 metaphors Expensive restaurant – often sexual metaphors (ex – I love this, food was orgasmic) Cheap restaurant – often drug metaphors (ex – I’m addicted to this, food was like crack) o Both sex & drugs are involved w/ reward system or dopamine system Many things that are very good to us must be taken in small quantities like sugary & fatty foods o Sugary & fatty foods were rare thousands of years ago, so it was adaptive to like them a lot o We apply stone-age preference to modern-age ecology where we have lots of things available to us Implication is that we might end up eating a lot because of this o We live in an environment that is different from ancestral environment where these preferences evolved Increased obesity over the years is result of changes in the environment Eating Disorders Men idealize muscularity more while women idealize thinness more o Body ideals are not constant time and place – ideals are becoming thinner and more muscular o Ideals becoming thinner and more muscular at the same time that Americans are becoming more obese Discrepancy btwn ideal body shape and how you perceive current body is risk factor for eating disorders Bulimia – eating disorder characterized by binge then purge cycle o Binge is eating a large amount of food w/ subjective feeling of loss of control o Purge is a behavior to compensate for how much you’ve eaten – over exercising, laxatives, vomiting o Binge and purge some time in next hour or day – people feel anxious until they do compensatory behavior Increase in rate of bulimia & bulimic problems have been substantia o May be result of discrepancy btwn our ideal body shape and how we perceive our body
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o Thin ideal internalizations might make you vulnerable to bulimia Who’s in the Expert’s Chair – Dr. Philip Killinger Therapists might help someone w/ bulimia w/ a regular eating schedule – they need to eat throughout the day Minnesota Starvation Study – men during WWII used to figure out effects of starvation on human body & brain o
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