– It gives the research supervisor a basis for guiding the researcher while conducting the study. Other Benefits: Improved record-keeping Enhanced credibility Better program evaluation Better financial management 9
10 General Format and Elements of Proposal • There is no a hard and a fast format in scientific research proposal writing . • It varies from one organization to anther and from one country to anther. • Some universities and funding agencies make very specific demand for the format of proposals. Others provide general guidelines for form and content. • Though the format varies, the essence expressed in different proposal remains the same.
MAJOR COMPONENTS Of A RESEARCH PROPOSAL A. Preliminaries/ Prefatory parts i) Cover page Title of the Research (A Case Study of ……..) Name and Address of the investigator Advisor/Reader Month and Place where the proposal is written ii) Abstract iii) Acronyms (if any, abbreviations alphabetically arranged)) iv) Table of Contents v) List of Tables vi)List of Figures
1. Title Page • On separate lines and centered, the title page has the title of the study, the author’s name, the institutional affiliation, and date. • The title should not be too lengthy or too short. • It should provide sufficient information about the nature of the study. 2. Abstract • At the top of the page, centered, you should have the word “Abstract.” • It is a concise summary of the entire paper, including the problem, major hypotheses, sample and population, a brief description of the measures, the name of the design or a short description , the major results, and the major conclusions. 12
Con’t… • Fits to one page, sometimes 250-300 words. • It should be placed before table of content. 13
14 B. Chapter-1: INTRODUCTION 1.1. Background of the study –Deductive order Generally introduce the problem to the readers. Definitions and Concepts Related to the topic Global issues and trends about the topic Situations in Less Developed Countries or in an industry National level Firm/Regional level Related with your study area 14
con’t… 1.2. Statement of the problem • Having provided a broad introduction to the area under study, now focus on issues relating to the central theme, identify some of the gaps in the existing body of knowledge. • Facts that motivated the investigator to conduct the research • It is an expansion of the title. – It introduces the research by situating it (by giving background), presenting the research problem and saying how and why this problem will be “solved.“ • Without this important information the reader cannot easily understand the more detailed information about the research that comes later. – It also explains why the research is being done ( rationale ) which is crucial for the reader to understand the significance of the study. 15
16 The problem statement should make a convincing argument that there is not sufficient knowledge available to explain the problem or there is a need to test what is known and taken as fact.
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