a340-11f-101-05-Globalization-Capitalism

First due to reducing inefficiencies due to moving

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first due to reducing inefficiencies due to moving small amounts of materials and products to and from many homes - then to organizing and systematizing the processes - finally to using machines to replace some of the labor - all ways to use capital to produce ever more value - imperialism to gain access to more resources and markets - this was all a historically specific process that created - beliefs, values, morals - social organization, political and military organization, etc. - that allow and encourage almost anything that makes a profit - seeing it as an overall good for everyone - all this growth brought people together - often for the worse - so the general process of globalization - driven by the perpetual growth required by the culture of capitalism - plays out in specific ways, in particular places - which set the stage for present global relations, attitudes, assumptions… - this is the view of historical particularism - that you have to know the particular history of a case to fully understand it - each case is unique - general principles, though useful, only get you a partial understanding, or may even lead you into mistaken understandings - the first round of Case Team presentations will look into the historical, particular processes that brought cultures together and structured their relationships in each case - Robbins warns of one of the many dangers of this perpetual growth of consumer capitalism: the danger of creating desires that cannot be satisfied… - leading to a backlash of anger at the obvious inequality and injustice - rejection of the culture and values of capitalism - fundamentalism (religious, ethnic, and others) in its place - xenophobia, terrorism…
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