じゅ 業 ぎょう が 終 お わったら 何

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じゅ ぎょう わったら 、何 なに をしますか。 The meaning of S1 tara S2 varies depending on the contents of S1 and S2, and also on the situation in which this construction is used. However, S1 always represents an antecedent and S2 a subsequence. If the relation does not hold, this construction cannot be used. The whole sentence basically means when S1 is satisfied/completed, S2 takes place or S1 brings about S2. Tara may also mean when/after in one case and if in another when/after if S2 is a certainty; if not, tara means if .’ * えい に訳 やく してみましょう。 3-1. てん よくなかったら 、出 かけないで家 うち にいようと思 おも います。 3-2. たから くじに たったら 、世 かい いっ しゅう りょ こう がしたいです。[世界一周旅行 : round-the-world trip 3-3. だい がく そつ ぎょう したら 、日 ほん で仕 ごと をするつもりです。 3-4. そのパーティーに山 やま さんが たら 、 私 わたし は家 うち に帰 かえ ります。 3-5. わたし ねこ だったら 、何 なに もしないで一 いち にち じゅう ゴロゴロしているでしょう。[ゴロゴロする : be idle ** To (L18), ba (L22), and nara (L13) have similar functions but they are different from tara . We won t go into them any further for now, but here are a few examples: × らい しゅう けん があったら、今 こん の 週 しゅう まつ は勉 べん きょう した方 ほう がいいですよ。 らい しゅう けん あるなら 、今 こん の 週 しゅう まつ は勉 べん きょう した方 ほう がいいですよ。 (if it is the case that) × ほっ かい どう に行 ったら、一 いっ しょ に行 きましょう。 ほっ かい どう くなら 、一 いっ しょ に行 きましょう。 (if it is the case that; if it is true that) × 1と2を足 したら、3になります。[足す : to add 1と2を すと 、3になります。 (L18) (S1 brings about S2 under general/natural situations) はる なると 、いろいろな花 はな が咲 きます。 (L18) [咲く : to bloom, L18 やま せん せい のクラスでは 宿 しゅく だい しなくてもいいです An affirmative temo ii sentence, such as ここなら、たばこを吸 ってもいいです , expresses permission or concession. In a negative sentence, such as 宿 しゅく だい をしなくてもいいです , it means do not need or have to do.
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  • Fall '12
  • MakoKoyama

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