35. When a person who is learning handwriting moves the three arm segments as if two of the segments were one, this person demonstrates an early learning characteristic known as A. freezing degrees of freedom. 36. Performing a skill with a minimum expenditure of energy is usually associated with which stage of learning? C. Advanced stage 37. The brain areas that are active during the early stage of learning are typically B. not the same as the areas active in the later stages of learning. 38. Which of the following is the best definition of the “power law of practice”? A. early practice improvements are larger than later practice improvements
KIN 315 SPRING 2008 4 39. Which of the following is most characteristic of expert motor skill performers? D. know more about the activity than nonexperts 40. The general rule of thumb for predicting positive transfer between two motor skills is that the degree of positive transfer is related to the D. degree of similarity between the parts of the two skills. 41. The transfer-appropriate-processing theory accounts for why positive transfer occurs by stating that positive transfer is due to the similarity of the C. cognitive processes required by two motor skills. 42. The generally accepted view about the direction of bilateral transfer between two limbs is that it is B. asymmetric. 43. The motor control explanation for bilateral transfer has been supported by research evidence showing C. EMG activity in the non-performing limb when the opposite limb performs the skill. 44. Bilateral transfer can be related to the concept of the generalized motor program (GMP) because muscle selection in performing a skill is A. a parameter of the GMP. 45. One of the reasons for negative transfer is the initial cognitive confusion that occurs when a person must make a different movement in a familiar environmental context. A. True
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- Spring '08
- Skill, Motor control, Fitts, GMP