Semantic Memory Episodic Memory personally experienced facts life experiences

Semantic memory episodic memory personally

This preview shows page 16 - 18 out of 21 pages.

Semantic Memory Episodic Memory : personally experienced facts & life experiences and basically involves the element of time Deja VU : feeling that one has experienced a particular event before Semantic Memory : dealt with general faces ; refers to our organized knowledge of words , symbols , and Objects Includes general knowledge , spatial knowledge and social Skills In order to process language , need to have knowledge of Language that's stored in our semantic memory knowledge of Sounds , words , Syntactic rules and pragmatics of a language Experts have a greater stove of info in their semantic memory than novices ex In chess , if the pieces were arranged in a meaningful way configuration , Experts recalled more pieces on a chessboard than novice But if pieces arranged in random pattern , novice § experts Show no difference Believed that experts store these units in LTM Apparently , experts can group or chunk diff pieces into larger units in Working Memory when those units are meaningful Relevance for Language Processing IN M only able to hold - 7 units of info however many Sentences are 27 words May be possible b/c words are chunked into grammatical constituents ( ex NP or VP ) This will I the burden to 2 or 3 Constituents This is only possible via IN M to organize words into constituents helps provide temp repository of info that's relevant for ongoing Cognitive tasks plays several ways C. Ei P L & V With Semantic , info on speech sounds -1 words we retrieve during pattern recognition While doing this , episodic memory in works b/c representation of the ongoing discourse pisodic stores our experience from our personal perspective These provide a framework for understanding how language processing happens Central Issues in Language Processing 154 ) : Serial vs Parallel Processing Serial if group of processes take place one at a time Has been influential in the study of language and cognition Serial model divided into stages happen one @ a time Not overlapping Parallel Distributed Processing : sees mind as " massively parallel " : simultaneous processing king place Suggest that answer in the image lies b/c identifying both the letters and words as we're trying to see if word is familiar via our knowledge of spelling A great deal of neural activity is occurring throughout the brain @ the same time Top Down Vs Bottom up Processing : Top Down Processing : States that info @ higher levels may influence processing @ lower levels ex know where lecturer is going based on pre v. experience with the instructor or maybe even by reading in text in advanced in lecture then can generate some expectations regarding what the nxt point might be The expectation may actually interfere WH learning new material Bottom up Processing : lowest level Highest level
Image of page 16
CHAPTER 4 : The Perception of I8Yff%§I of Language CHAPTER 4 Textbook Notes ( Quiz # 2) pg , , The question of serial us parallel processing has been a major interest of researchers studying the perception of language
Image of page 17
Image of page 18

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 21 pages?

  • Summer '19
  • King Lear, Psychology of Language, Chomsky Psycholinguistics

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes