DSST Anthropology as a Discipline

The dispersal of clans throughout the tribal system

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The dispersal of clans throughout the tribal system is a way to unify the entire tribe--it is a sublevel of tribal organization Chiefdoms are intermediate between tribes and states, are kin-based, but have permanent, group-based differences in access to strategic resources, and exist with a permanent political structure. Chiefdoms are a transitional form of sociopolitical organization in the evolution of tribes into states. States have permanent formal government structures and socioeconomic stratification. They are autonomous (self-governing, independent) political units with social classes and a formal government based on law, social status, population control, judiciary, enforcement and fiscal interests. Most people in the world today live in a state-organized society. Stratification means that people are not necessarily equal socially and economically, but can be arranged into different social classes. Bands tribes , chiefdoms and states are all examples of political organizations. In many societies the community (band or village) is the largest territorial group in which political activities are organized. Yanomamo women are treated as materialistic objects and promised by their father or brother to a Yanomamo man in return for reciprocity. The reciprocity could be another Yanomamo woman or a political alliance. Another method of forming political alliances is feasting. This is when one village invites village for a ceremonial dinner. During the feast there is a lot social activity. The Yanomamo dance and mingle with each other along with eating a different variety of foods. The only catch is the other village must reciprocate a feast by one village. This feast is more like an American dinner party in which members of family or social group invite others to attend. A feast however can be dangerous and or fatal for those who attend. The Yanomamo can be very conniving and deceiving . A law defines relationships among members of society and gives authority to use coercion to enforcement of sanctions. It redefines social relations and ensures social flexibility. Given their functions, laws must adapt to changes in society as well as maintain the stable norms of society. A crime occurs when individuals, aware (or unaware) of the norms of society and the sanctions associated with the violations of those norms, are nonetheless willing to gamble that they can "get away with" violating the norms. In Western society: distinctions are made between 1) violations against the state (a criminal offense) and 2) violations against the individual (a civil offense). In most Non-Western societies: crimes are almost always seen as crimes against the individual, since there is no state against which to commit the crime.
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While resolving differences, negotiation occurs when the parties themselves actively resolve the difference; this can serve as a prior condition to adjudication or mediation. On the other hand, mediation occurs when a third party is called in to resolve the difference. It is typical of bands and
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The dispersal of clans throughout the tribal system is a...

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