In all between 1492 and 1650 perhaps 90 percent of

This preview shows page 9 - 12 out of 12 pages.

islands, the Native American population died out completely. In all, between 1492 and 1650, perhaps 90 percent of the first Americans had died.This loss is considered among the largest demographic disasters in human history. By stripping the Americas of much of the human population, the Columbian Exchange rocked the region’s ecological and economic balance. Ecosystems were in tumult asforests regrew and previously hunted animals increased in number. Economically, the population decrease brought by the Columbian Exchange indirectly caused a drastic labor shortage throughout the Americas, which eventually contributed to the establishment of African slavery on a vast scale in the Americas. By 1650, the slave trade had brought new diseases, such as malaria and yellow fever, which further plagued Native Americans.Created by J.R. McNeill for LEARN NC. Web. Accessed 6 Aug. 2017.Document 2bUNIT 9 | Interactions and Disruptions| What was the impact of the Columbian Exchange on the Old World and New World?
Adapted from the New York State Education Department. June 2001. Global History Exam. Internet. Available here; accessed August 6, 2017.UNIT 9 | Interactions and Disruptions| What was the impact of the Columbian Exchange on the Old World and New World?
Context VideoBefore examining documents 3a and 3b, watch clips from the video America Before Columbus(1:27:14-1:28:11) and in synthesis chart on the positive and negative effects of the Columbian exchange. Document 3aIn Spanish Caribbean islands and Portuguese Brazil by the mid-1500s, colonists had turned to the quick and highly profitablecultivation of sugar, a crop that required constant attention and exhausting labor. They tried to recruit Native Americans, butmany died from diseases brought by Europeans, such as smallpox, diphtheria, and tuberculosis. And the Indians who survivedwanted no part of the work, often fleeing to the countryside they knew so well. European colonists found an answer to theirpressing labor shortage by importing enslaved workers from Africa. By 1619, more than a century and a half after the Portuguese first traded slaves on the African coast, European ships hadbrought a million Africans to colonies and plantations in the Americas and force them to labor as slaves. Trade through the WestAfrican forts continued for nearly three hundred years. The Europeans made more than 54,000 voyages to trade in humanbeings and sent at least ten to twelve million Africans to the Americas."Europeans Come to Western Africa." The Terrible Transformation. PBS Online, n.d. Web. 6 Aug. 2017. UNIT 9 | Interactions and Disruptions| What was the impact of the Columbian Exchange on the Old World and New World?
Document 3bUNIT 9 | Interactions and Disruptions| What was the impact of the Columbian Exchange on the Old World and New World?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture