ch03

Psychology in Action

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psychoneuroimmunology (p. 102) role conflict (p. 93) SAM system (p. 101) stress (p. 92) STRESS AND ILLNESS hardiness (p. 108) posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (p. 109) Type A personality (p. 106) Type B personality (p. 106) HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY IN ACTION binge drinking (p. 114) chronic pain (p. 115) health psychology (p. 111) HEALTH AND STRESS MANAGEMENT emotion-focused coping (p. 118) external locus of control (p. 120) internal locus of control (p. 120) primary appraisal (p. 116) problem-focused coping (p. 118) secondary appraisal (p. 116)     D iscussion Q uestions Instructor’s Resource Guide                 Chapter 3 Page  94            
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1. Would you like the work of a health psychologist? Do you think this career will increase in importance in the future? If we move toward a nationalized health care system where everyone will have access to medical care, how will this affect the field of health psychology? 2. What are the most important sources of stress in our society? What could be done to combat these stressors on a societal level? As an individual? What were the most important stressors for your parents when they were your age? Do you have more or less stress in your life compared to your parents? What about your resources for coping with stress, are they better than your parents? Why or why not? 3. What are the advantages and disadvantages of relying on emotion-focused styles of coping? Problem-focused forms of coping? What about the use of defense mechanisms? Do you overuse some defense mechanisms? Is this preventing you from finding better ways to combat your stress and conflict? Do you think it is possible to live free of defense mechanisms? Why or why not? 4. Are you a Type A or a Type B person? What are the advantages and disadvantages to each? If you could change to the opposite style, would you? 5. When people from other countries visit America, they often report feeling stressed by the large number of choices in everyday life (e.g., the number of career choices, channels on television, and even the number and variety of shampoos). Does this have a similar effect on your own level of stress? Is this an example of approach-approach conflict, approach-avoidance, or avoidance- avoidance?   W eb S ites Mind Tools: How to Master Stress Basic information about stress and ideas about how to deal with everyday stress. Healthy People 2010 Challenge Instructor’s Resource Guide                 Chapter 3 Page  95            
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Healthy People 2010 challenges individuals, communities, and professionals indeed, all of us to take specific steps to ensure that good health, as well as long life, are enjoyed by all. Includes prevention information, online checkups, consumer guides, drug interaction checkers, consumer guides and more. You can join Healthy People 2010 sponsored by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
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