Genie and language acquisition 1970 genie was

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Genie and language acquisition1970: Genie was discovered confined and isolated under cruel conditions at age of 13Studied by linguists to determine extent to which language acquisition is learned or innate (i.e. part ofhuman’s genetic inheritance)oAbility to learn language is natural and is a part of our biological foundation and are not born“blank slates”, however there is a critical period in which there is an innate part of the brain thatbegins to close off if there is no specific language connectionResults: The ability to acquire and manipulate language is universal, but it must be unlocked by 4-5years of age or the section of the brain responsible for language changes & becomes dormantModern theory of socialization(cont.)We learn by observing
Socialization is an active processTwo key dimensions:oa) active entering and disengagement with social rolesRoles are comprised of the behaviour expected of a person when they occupy aparticular position (i.e. status) in societyob) socialization also involves developing an awareness and sense of oneself – or building andconstructing an identity - through this active engagement with others3) socialization is a complicated and active processhumans are not passive or “blank slates” waiting to be written on by societyinnate potential can realized when people actively participatewe learn by observing, interacting with and imitating peopleDo Humans have Instincts?The entire purpose of sociology is to explain human behaviorNo, we do not have instinctsFree will, howeverInfants are born utterly useless and incapable of looking after themselves, and humans are dependentupon each otherWe tend to use the “instinct” frequently and figuratively in everyday speechHowever, is “instinct” a useful social scientific category for explaining human behaviour?Absence of Instinctive Behaviour in InfantsWhile your native culture feels like “second nature”, humans are devoid of instinctsHuman species is unique in that our infants are born utterly incapable of caring for themselves – longperiod of dependencyOne of the reasons we mistakenly believe that humans have instincts is because we tend to conflatereflexes and instinctsInstincts versus ReflexesWe tend to believe that reflexes and instincts are the same thing, a reflex: a simple response of anorganism to a specific stimulus(such as the contraction of the pupil in response to bright light)Parlour Tricks with BabiesoMoro Reflex: hold a baby and lower her to give her the sensation of falling, she will throw outarms as though grasping for tree branchesoPalmar and Plantar Reflex: stroke the palm of a baby’s hand or the bottom her feet and she willcurl up her fingers and toesoRooting Reflex: stroke a baby’s cheek with your finger and she will turn her head towards thesensationInstinct: Definition

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Term
Spring
Professor
dev
Tags
Sociology, young people

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