Understands world through logical thinking and categories Able to use thoughts

Understands world through logical thinking and

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Understands world through logical thinking and categories Able to use thoughts to verbally and symbolically to describe concrete things (not abstract things) Can describe their dog, walk you through their house Can perform actions mentally without having to physically perform them Conservation mastered Water in diff glasses is same volume Concrete thinkers, but with some logic added (if this, then that) Numbered pain scale! Loves rules Green eggs & ham example Eating ham vs Stubborn ppl can change vs world lesson A 2 year old who insists on turning on light switches every time she sees one is attempting to master what concept of sensorimotor development? Magical thinking Domestic mimicry Mental symbolism Causal relationships Communication First, we want to fnd out how the child communicates: Does the child speak? Can you understand the child? Can other people understand the child?
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Do older siblings talk for the child? – older siblings speak for younger Use of sign language – 6mo (more, plz, done) because cant talk o Decreases frustration for child and adult o Problem is they don’t want to SAY the word later on – sign it Speech impediments o Lisp o L & Rs o Stuttering – tired; commonly resolve on own – speech therapist o Mimicking – learning tone, inflection, subtle language ques Discipline Ask the parent: “What do you do when the child misbehaves?” o Time out is very effective for toddlers, preschoolers – remove from autonomous situations One minute per year of life o Punishment/taking away something they like is better for school-age kids Consistency is key o Setting limits & let them know what is going to happen if they don’t follow through Adapting methods Being proactive – explain what will happen o Offer reward before taking something away Terrible Twos/Horrifc Threes! o Conflict  outburst
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Preschoolers: start to lie School Age: start to cheat, steal Sleep Things to discuss with parents: How long does the child sleep at night? Naps? o Sound or light sleeper Crib or bed? Bedtime rituals? Bath, brush teeth then bed? Does the child wake up at night- if so do they return to sleep easily? Nightmares versus night terrors o Toddler: Separation from parents – bad dream o Preschoolers: monsters or the dark o School: death or dangers o Terror: common in younger children o Middle of night, screaming, inconsolable, eyes open, look alert, can’t be consoled o Screaming and not really awake o Don’t want to wake them up, calm and comfort them, get them to return to sleep o Don’t remember event next morning – not tired o Child is overtired  more likely to get night terror o Can be clustered – few times a month then never again o No long-term consequences, no psych problems, resolves o Just get them to sleep more!
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  • Spring '17

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