Eighty five of the students were first year were sophomores 32

Eighty five of the students were first year were

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Eighty-five of the students were first-year students (59 %), 52 were sophomores (32 %), 14 were juniors (9 %), and 19 were seniors (12 %). One hundred thirty were Caucasian (80 %) and 32 were minority students (20 %). The minority students were primarily African-American, Hispanic, and Asian. This sample is representative of the college s popu- lation, which is comprised of 83 % Caucasian students and 17 % minority students. Materials and Procedure Participants were notified by electronic mail class distribution lists about an anonymous experiment on perceptions of child- ren s accomplishments. Interested students then signed up online for a time to come into a computer lab to complete the web-based survey. Up to seven individuals per session came into a computer lab where the study took place. After partic- ipants filled out a consent form, they were randomly assigned to one of the computers where the link to the web-based survey was activated. Each computer randomly contained one of the six possible conditions with regard to clothing manipulation and accomplishment manipulation. Computers were arranged to ensure privacy for each participant. In return for participa- tion, students earned one unit of credit towards a research requirement for a psychology course. Clothing Manipulation Participants randomly received one of three pictures of a girl manipulated with respect to level of sexualized clothing. All of the photos were found via the Internet using clothing store sites, such as Neiman Marcus . Using Photoshop , one blond, Caucasian girl s head who was given the name Olivia was placed on three different bodies. The same name of Olivia was used in all three conditions. The first depiction, where the girl was not sexualized, showed her dressed in a grey t-shirt (feminized by ruffled sleeves), jeans, and Mary-Jane style shoes. This was the childlike condition. In the second depiction where the girl was moder- ately sexualized, she was dressed in a leopard print dress of a modest length. This was the ambiguously sexualized condi- tion. In the third depiction the girl was highly sexualized, dressed in a very short dress with a leopard-print cardigan, holding a purse. This was the definitely sexualized condition. We used two levels of sexualization because previous research found evidence that clothing for girls can either be ambigu- ously sexualized containing both child-like and sexualized characteristics, or definitely sexualized containing only sexu- alized and no child-like characteristics (Goodin et al. 2011 ). In all three pictures the girl depicted is thin with no obvious breast development. We conducted a separate small study to determine whether the pictures we used were perceived in the way that we intended. Forty-two students (26 women) from several different Sex Roles (2012) 66:764 775 767
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psychology classes were asked to rate the extent to which they agreed with three statements about each picture (with the pictures randomly ordered and presented in color on a paper questionnaire). Participants were asked the extent to
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