Bio Exam Notes Section 4.docx

Leisure drive attraction to leisure and the resulting

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Leisure drive: Attraction to leisure, and the resulting drive to indulge our free time in pleasurable activities, providing an escape from self and a distraction from self-impermanence anxiety. Evolution: o Possible because of technology and industrial revolution – no longer had to toil in the  fields o Leisure drive rewards are linked to the same kind of pleasure modules that rewarded the  reproductive success of our ancestors, and are manifested in a wide range of modern  cultural norms o attraction to leisure = deeply ingrained adaptive cognitive domain defining a fundamental human need to dispel negative mood/feelings, and hence find relief from suffering o  leisure is an integral component of human pursuit of happiness and wellbeing o leisure drive is satisfied by hard-wired pleasure perceptions associated w various forms of sensory gratification, relationships, cognitive stimuli, intellectual enlightenment, love,  etc.   Example: Canadians spend, on average, at least 16% of disposable income on leisure (4) In BIOL350 we considered that: (1) humans have evolved certain inclinations that  apparently serve to buffer anxiety, particularly self-impermanence anxiety; but that (2)  certain behavioural states commonly diagnosed as mental disorders may have conferred  fitness advantages for at least some of our ancestors. Describe the main points in support of this second view. Those who are mentally fit are also overoptimistic about their place in the world. Depression: an adaptation that helps you see the world more clearly for what it actually is, helps  us better solve complex problems
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ADHD: rapidly shifting attention was beneficial to hunter gatherers who has to be aware of any  dangers. Focus on what’s happening now vs the future. Psychopathic: high self worth and overconfidence shields people from extensional angst (5) Define ‘Legacy Drive’, and describe its evolutionary roots, its three main components,  and four particular common examples of domains for legacy through human  accomplishment that we discussed in BIOL350. Legacy drive is a state of mind that promotes confidence in an ability (despite inevitable  impermanence) to leave something of one's self (a legacy) through meme transmission.  o Based on a sense of intrinsic and imperishable self-worth for one's mind-  drive to leave  something of it in perpetuity.  o Developed from the consciousness of our own immortality, and is a byproduct of our fear that our existence will be obsolete following our death.  o Mitigate the effects of self-impermanence anxiety, we evolved a legacy drive Evolutionary biology: These behavioural traits played in the investment in fertility and paternal  care because of the perceived belief in "legacy through children". Since the parents of the past  with the highest legacy drives left the most descendants, the legacy drive remains to be a trait  that is common today.
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  • Fall '13
  • L.Aarssen
  • Evolution, Richard Dawkins, Leisure Drive, Legacy drive

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