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Chapter 16 - Solution Manual

The investors ability to sell its investee shares is

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[The investor's ability to sell its investee shares is not restricted, except as provided by the securities laws or by what is reasonable and customary in individually negotiated investment transactions for closely held companies (for example, a right of first refusal held by the investee on the investor's shares in the event of a bona fide offer from a third party). [EITF D-097, paragraph , sequence 29] ] [The SEC staff has considered the applicability of push-down accounting in transactions in which financial investors, acting together effectively as one investor (that is, as a collaborative group), acquire ownership interests in a company. The investee company experiences a significant change in ownership, but no single financial investor obtains substantially all of the ownership interest in the company. Consider the following example: [EITF D-097, paragraph , sequence 30] ] [Investor C formulates a plan to acquire and consolidate companies in a highly fragmented industry in order to achieve economies of scale. Investor C approaches Investors A and B with the plan, and they agree to invest with Investor C in the acquisition and consolidation plan. Investors A, B, and C (the Investors) are each substantive entities, with no overlap of employees but with a number of prior joint investments and other business relationships that are individually material to the Investors. Furthermore, upon completion of the current plan, the resulting entity is expected to be material to each individual investor. [EITF D-097, paragraph , sequence 31] ] [Shortly thereafter, Company D is identified as an acquisition candidate in the industry. The Investors negotiate a legally binding agreement with Company D to acquire 100 percent of the outstanding common stock of Company D (to be held 40 percent, 40 percent, and 20 percent by Investors A, B, and C, respectively) for cash. In connection with the change in ownership, Company D's bylaws are amended to provide that the Investors each have the right to elect an equal number of members of Company D's board of directors. Company D's board of directors also is to include Company D's chief executive officer and two independent directors. In addition, the bylaws are amended to provide that no action requiring board of directors' approval may be approved without consent of a majority of the board as well as a majority of the Investor A directors, the Investor B directors, and the Investor C directors, each voting as a separate class. Effectively, any significant corporate action by Company D would require the approval of each investor. [EITF D-097, paragraph , sequence 32] ] [Stock held by the Investors is to be restricted as to transfer for five years, after which each of the Investors has a right of first refusal and tag-along rights if some part of the group of Investors decides to sell its interests. [EITF D-097, paragraph , sequence 33] ]
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352 [The funds invested by each investor come from the respective investor's resources; however, Investors A and B provide Investor C certain limited first-loss guarantees of its investment. [EITF
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