Easier to remember things in the form of a song than prose Evidence of orality

Easier to remember things in the form of a song than

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Easier to remember things in the form of a song than prose Evidence of orality o Dactylic Hexameter 2 short beats, 1 long Poetry of Greece written in specific meter Epic Meter Rhapsode only needs to know general outline of story and can interchange different versions of battles, sacrifices, feasts o Repetition Mnemonic device o Fixed Epithets The Swift Runner Achilles The lord of men Agamemnon The tactician Odysseus etc. Problem With The Iliad as a Source for the Mycenaean World How did the story change over time before it was committed to writing? o No other version to compare to Homer’s Variant written versions until ca. 3 rd century BCE o Canonical version from 3 rd century BCE o All other versions combined to form Homer’s Evidence of interpolation of Archaic world
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o References to the use of iron, use of round shields o No reference to figure eight shields Reference to cities o “The Shield of Achilles” in Iliad 18.571 – “And he forged on the shield two noble cities filled with mortal men.” o Mycenaean age not that of cities How Can we Use the Iliad as Historical Evidence? Compare and corroborate with archaeological evidence Evidence of what people valued and ideals o Whose ideals? o Shift over time o Values of Homer’s time different to setting to appeal to audience Evidence of Homer’s time more so than setting o Not for specific details but attitudes to social values and attitudes towards gods i.e. Alexander modelled his behaviour after Achilles o Individual honour and valour Paris’ challenge to Menelaus Achilles sulks after being insulted Had a woman that he stole from someone stolen away from him o Women are property, prizes, trophies o Self-deprecating, blaming herself Reflects attitudes towards women of Homer’s day o Don’t challenge the leader o Power is everything and those who had it don’t necessarily have it Ability to wield power only as far as ability to invoke fear Hector most humane character despite epithet “man murdering Hector” o Family important When Hector returns, he searches for his wife and family before anything else
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  • Fall '08
  • RichardWenghofer
  • The Odyssey, The Iliad, Minoan civilization, Crete, Mycenaean Greece

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