Early development in organized sport o expansion of

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Early development in Organized sport o Expansion of America o Industrialization of US o Decline of Puritan Orthodoxy o English amateur sport movement o Contributions of powerful individuals 1891 Basketball - James Naismith 1895 Volleyball - William Morgan "The most important race of the colonial era" - 1752 o William Byrd - who loved to gamble - bet a purse of pistols o Selima won the race with her offspring later on producing champions as well. Sporting in the early 1800s: the beginning of organized sport in the US o Horse Racing Popular in established cities Gambling made it controversial Banned in many northerner cities Became more popular in the south Rich horse owners
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Importing/breeding/training of horses for racing Slave jockeys and trainers Boxing in the early 1800s o Perceived by upper class as brutal o Bare knuckles, few rules o Traveling "professionals" o Slaves Matches staged by slave owners Tom Molyneaux (The first great American Boxer) Granted freedom because he won fights, fought in US and Europe Fought British champ, Tom Cribb, 1810 More than 20,000 British fans attended this match In the 28th round - Molineaux caught Cribb with a hard right Cribb went down and failed to get up after 30 seconds Molineaux began to celebrate Cribb cried foul that Molineaux had weights in his hands, and later won 16 rounds later. Baseball o Early forms played by adults and kids: base or goal ball, rounders, townball o 1791 law in Pittsfield, MA prohibiting baseball within 80 yards of town hall o Described in 1839 book, "The boys and girls book of Sports" o Evidence of varied forms played throughout the east and frontier. Baseball becomes a sport - Alexander Cartwright's knickerbockers o Alexander Cartwright and his friends "The Knickerbockers" (1842) o Establish rules for play o Moved their field to the Elysian Fields in Hoboken, NJ o Begins play as an "organized club" o Rules include: 9 players on the field Bases 90 feet apart Game consisted of 21 counts (outs) With change after 2 outs Ball must be "pitched for the bat" (underhand) Homerun? Fly ball? Baseball becomes popular in NY area as an "adult recreational sport" o Teams form throughout NY area o Adult recreational sport for "gentlemen" o 1858: games between "all star" teams (admission charged) o Who threw the first curve ball (first overhand pitch) The civil war as a vehicle for the spread of baseball o Prior to the civil war: baseball Known mostly in New England Played by "gentlemen"
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o Furing the civil war: Baseball Played by soldiers in both Union and Confederate Armies Spontaneous games to pass time and some documented games o As a result of the Civil War: "the national pastime" The invention of Basketball o James Naismith, 1891 o YMCA training school, Springfield MA o Peach baskets o Rules: Ball may be thrown in any direction No moving once you hold the ball No pushing, holding, etc. of other players
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