that the child's mother took during pregnancy? a. b. c. d. Birth control pills Alcohol Cocaine Heroin 19) Moderate to heavy drinking of alcohol during pregnancy may have all of the following harmful effects on the fetus EXCEPT a. unusual degrees of aggressiveness in childhood. b. neurological and behavioral functioning. c. speech and language deficits. d. poor social interaction with the mother. 20) Children born to women who smoke during pregnancy tend to show a. a small head circumference. b. retardation of growth. c. colic in infancy. d. All of these 21) According to the text, most research reported so far has shown that the use of marijuana during pregnancy
a. is much more damaging to a fetus than alcohol. b. produces no detectable birth defects. c. may produce neurological disturbances. d. may lead to babies who are themselves addicted. 22) It appears that stress during pregnancy can a. reduce the mother's immune system. b. come from either positive or negative events. c. trigger infections that can cause premature labor. d. All these are correct regarding stress. 23) During the critical period between 8 and 15 weeks after fertilization, ________ has been linked to mental retardation, chromosomal malformations, and seizures. gonorrhea genital herpes lead poisoning exposure to radiation 24) The name for a leading cause of mental retardation caused by mothers who drink alcohol heavily during their pregnancies is a. fetal alcohol syndrome. b. drunk woman's syndrome. c. mental retardation syndrome. d. drinker's syndrome. 25) Professor MacArthur is interested in studying the relative contribution of genetics and the environment on athletic ability. The professor is most interested in a.
canalization. b. heritability. c. genetic mutations. d.
sex-linked recessive disorders. Chapter 4 Study Guide1) Although there have been increases in the number of home births, today most people are born A) in clinics. B) in hospitals. C) in birthing centers. D) at home. 2) The dramatic reduction in risks surrounding pregnancy and childbirth has resulted from A) anesthesia. B) antibiotics. C) prenatal care. D) All of these 3) Research shows that home births with a plan for hospitalization for emergencies can be A) dangerous and should not be considered. B) very risky and are not recommended by any professional organization. C) as safe as a hospital birth. D) the best approach with all births to save money and tax dollars. 4)
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