Fragments of cells found in bone marrow ciii4 White blood Cells ciii4a

Fragments of cells found in bone marrow ciii4 white

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Fragments of cells found in bone marrow c.iii.4.White blood Cells c.iii.4.a.Neutrophils c.iii.4.a.i.Abundant white blood cells c.iii.4.a.ii.Responsible for fighting off infection c.iii.4.b.Basophils c.iii.4.b.i.Least frequent white blood cells c.iii.4.c.Lymphocytes c.iii.4.c.i.Smallest white blood cells c.iii.4.d.Monocytes c.iii.4.d.i.Macrophages in connective tissues c.iii.4.d.ii.Biggest white blood cells c.iii.4.e.Eosinophils c.iii.4.e.i.Second least numerous white blood cell c.iii.4.f.Leukocytes d.Plasma d.i.Interstitial fluid composition is similar to plasma e.Red Blood Cells e.i.Most abundant cell in our body e.ii.We can measure blood volume from a sample e.iii.Centrifugation e.iii.1.Causes the articular matter in the blood to split, causing 3 layers: plasma, buffy coat (leukocytes (white blood cells) and platelets), erythrocytes (red blood cells).e.iv.Hematocrit e.iv.1.Males (42%-52%) e.iv.1.a.When hematocrit is low that means you are not sending good blood around the body
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e.iv.2.Females (37-42%) e.iv.3.Lower in female because the size of the male body is smaller than a female, also because men has more circulating testosterone (erythropoiesis factor) e.v.Hematopoiesis e.v.1.Leucopoiesis (white blood cell formation) e.vi.The biconclave shape of the celle.vi.1.Increases surface areae.vi.2.Allows cell to fold in half e.vi.2.a.There are capillaries in the body that are smaller in diameter than red blood cells e.vi.3.So that you can stack red blood cells upe.vi.3.a.Rouleaux (stack of red blood cells) f.Hemoglobin f.i.Has 4 subunits f.i.1.Alpha chain f.i.2.Beta chain f.i.3.Heme group f.i.3.a.Two components to it f.i.3.a.i.Porphyrin ring f.i.3.a.i.1.Nitrogen atoms and carbon atoms f.i.3.a.ii.Ferrous iron f.i.3.a.ii.1.Iron atom right in the center f.i.4.Oxyhemoglobin f.i.4.a.Binds to the ferrous ion f.i.5.Deoxyhemoglobin f.i.6.Carbaminohemoglobin f.i.6.a.Binds to the N terminal
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f.i.7.Hgb A f.i.7.a.Circulating in body nowf.i.8.Hgb Ff.i.8.a.Occurs in fetus f.i.9.Hgb S f.i.9.a.Sickle cell hemoglobin f.i.9.a.i.Hemoglobin molecules are distorting into a sickle shape, hemoglobin is doing this because of a mutation of a beta mutation change in the chain, glutamic acid is being replaced by valine, replaced by nonpolar amino acids causing the stickiness of the hemoglobin causing the sickle mutation. f.i.9.a.ii.Sickle cell anemia f.i.9.a.ii.1.Allows for red blood cell flow to be distorted where these blood cells would get stuck in the capillaries, causing blood to gum up. f.i.9.a.ii.2.Auto dominant recessive disease f.i.9.a.iii.Sickle cell trait f.i.9.a.iii.1.The only time red blood is sickle when the tension of the environment is low, so any extreme activities, blood cells will sickle. f.i.9.a.iv.Treatment f.i.9.a.iv.1.Blood transfusion f.i.9.a.iv.1.a.Problem is that it’s in the genes and can still mutate into sickle cell f.i.10.Oxygen and carbon monoxide bind to heme group f.i.11.Carbon monoxide poisoning f.i.11.a.Is a competitor inhibit to oxygen f.i.11.b.Gets into the blood
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f.i.11.c.
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