Islamic fundalism terrorism politically motivated

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Islamic Fundalism: Terrorism- politically-motivated violence that transgresses the boundary of conventional warfare and targets at non-combatants Religious fundamentalism: illiberal, intolerant interpretation of any religious doctrine that refuse any accomodatios with modern values and other faiths ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The Civilization Thesis: Rise of Islamic fundamentalism and terrorism as a manifestation of the intolerant nature of Islam (Huntington) The Geopolitics Thesis: Islamic fundamentalism and terrorism as a result of US foreign policy of supporting Israel and supporting corrupt monarchy in the Middle East The Globalizations Thesis: Fundamentalism as a reactions the globalization/homogenization of popular culture The Poverty/ neo-liberal reform thesis: Fundamentalism as a consequence of neo-liberal reform, poverty=terrorism ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Weberian Conception of modern state: an organization which exercises legitimate monopoly of violence over a definite territory. In the Western world, modern states had managed to stablilize under strong democratic institutions after centuries of wars and other conflicts by the mid twentieth century.
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